4th Grade Georgia Science Standards

Instructor: Shelby Golden
Explore the 4th grade science standards used by the state of Georgia with this article. You can explore the main topics students will cover, as well as the skills they'll need to maintain.

Science Content Standards

4th graders in Georgia will be spending time working on three major areas of scientific study:

Earth Science

Students in this grade will spend time studying the stars, star patterns, and the solar system. They will need to consider the physical attributes of different celestial bodies and how planets are similar and different. They will also need to demonstrate an understanding of constellations and the technology used in astronomy. In addition, students should be knowledgeable about states of water, weather maps and data, and the differences between weather and climate.

Physical Science

In this grade, students will explore light, sound, gravity, force, mass and motion while studying physical science. Children will learn more about the characteristics of light and work on understanding how sound is created. Time will be spent discussing the interactions between force and motion.

Life Science

4th grade life science focuses on ecosystems, food chains, adaptation, survival and extinction. Kids will need to demonstrate that they understand how ecosystems and the creatures within them function. They'll also study the behaviors, features and adaptations of different living creatures. This may include exploring the reasons why some species have gone extinct over the course of history.

Educational Tips:

You can access this Science for Kids course to help your children reinforce what they're learning in the classroom. This online study guide provides students with a review of astronomy, environmental science, physics, biology, animal facts and more. These short lessons were designed to be easy for younger children to follow and understand. Kids will have access to interactive quizzes that allow you to monitor how well they grasp the different subjects they're studying. There are even scientific experts available to answer any questions you or your children have about these concepts.

Students can also look ahead to higher grade levels and get more specific help with these middle school courses in:

These study guides can help students focus more on individual topics, while allowing them to work through the material at their own pace.

Characteristics of Science Standards

To meet content standards, the state of Georgia also identifies characteristics of science that students must demonstrate in relation to knowledge of physical, life and earth sciences. Throughout the school year, students will learn to develop:

  • Curiosity
  • Honesty
  • Skepticism
  • Openness

In addition, they will grow comfortable using scientific tools and following laboratory procedures. To understand processes in the real world, students will need to demonstrate scientific fluency in patterns and pattern changes, sequences, and representation.

By this grade, science is often very connected with mathematics, and students will need to apply mathematics and computational skills as they work with data. Students should be prepared to solve problems that involve addition, subtraction, multiplication and more. They should be comfortable working with fractions or decimals, as well as measurements, including those for area, volume, length, time or weight.

Students will also get practice investigating and researching scientific subjects. They will learn to ask scientific questions and communicate with others about scientific topics, and will focus on improving abilities in arguing and supporting scientific claims.

In addition to gaining skills in scientific literacy, fourth grade students will also learn how to use charts, graphs and other tools, to follow and create instructions, and to understand safety concerns related to scientific investigations.

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