4th Grade Ohio Science Standards

Instructor: Shelby Golden
This article provides information about Ohio's science standards for 4th graders. Check out what children in this grade should be learning about and get tips for helping them study.

4th Grade Science Content Standards

Students in 4th grade in Ohio are expected to study:

  • Earth and space science
  • Physical science
  • Life science

These categories are broken down over the course of the school year, allowing students to focus specifically on:

  • Characteristics of the Earth's surface
  • Changes to the Earth's surface caused by weathering, erosion or deposition
  • The conservation of energy
  • Transformation and transfer of energy
  • How changes in an environment can affect organisms
  • Comparing fossils to other fossils, as well as to modern organisms

4th Grade Science Inquiry Standards

The Ohio Department of Education also lays out standards for skills in scientific inquiry. 4th grade science students should demonstrate abilities in using scientific knowledge to observe and ask relevant questions. They are also expected to set up and carry out simple scientific investigations. Children should also be able to use scientific equipment to check out the data they need to support their understanding of the natural world and to apply mathematics as they carry out their inquiries.

Students at this grade level will also need to demonstrate what they've learned and effectively communicate about scientific principles, including providing explanations for what they've found. Additionally, children will be required to accurately answer and ask questions about different areas of science.

How 4th Grade Science Standards are Met

The standards taught in the 4th grade draw on what students have learned in previous grades, all the way from kindergarten and onward. The scientific information students study in this grade will continue to build a foundation upon which they will increase their knowledge in the coming years.

To meet these standards, teachers may use field trips and online resources to make sure students get the most out of their classroom time. They can access information through different university systems, give students access to real-world scientific resources like maps, data, or published research, or take children out to national parks to explore the natural world to reinforce what they're learning in class.

Some portion of in-class time may include helping students debunk some of the common misconceptions associated with what they're learning. This allows them to replace inaccurate knowledge with the facts, helping them build up their scientific skills.

In addition, instruction may also be adjusted to ensure students at different learning levels meet state science standards.

Helping 4th Grade Science Students

You can use online resources of your own to help students improve their grasp of 4th grade scientific concepts. Kids can access this Science for Kids Course to go over the different information they're learning in the classroom. This course includes short, engaging lessons that review different science subjects. It allows them to complete interactive quizzes so that they can easily measure their progress and to get in contact with experts if they need help understanding a particular subject.

Kids can also check out these courses on middle school level earth, physical and life sciences if they need extra help with these subjects. These study guides also allow students to look ahead to what they're be learning in the coming grades.

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