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5th Grade Florida Science Standards

Instructor: Jessica Munk
The Florida Science Standards for fifth graders are developed using four Bodies of Knowledge, which are subcategorized into Big Ideas. These standards are developed to help students progressively develop their knowledge as they move through the grade levels. Read on to learn more about what fifth graders will learn in their Florida science courses.

Structure of Fifth Grade Science Standards in Florida

Below are the four Bodies of Knowledge that organize the Florida Science Standards for fifth graders. Each Body of Knowledge is comprised of one or more Big Ideas. Also included in this chart are links to Study.com courses on each of these subjects. These courses can help fifth graders learn more about these science topics through short video lessons and quizzes.

Body of KnowledgeBig Ideas
Nature of SciencePractice of science; characteristics of scientific knowledge
Earth and Space ScienceEarth in space and time; Earth systems and patterns
Physical ScienceProperties of matter; changes in matter; energy forms; energy transfer and transformation; motion and forces
Life ScienceOrganization, development, diversity, evolution and interdependence of living organisms

Nature of Science

Fifth graders are beginning to understand the process of scientific inquiry, as well as data collection and analysis. They are introduced to planning and executing experiments, observation, predictions and making conclusions. In addition to scientific experiments, they learn about other means of inquiry. Fifth graders are also taught the difference in observable versus inferential data.

As part of learning about scientific experiments, fifth graders are taught that scientists have to be able to repeat their own tests and that other scientists must be able to replicate their results to achieve validity.

Earth and Space Science

Students in fifth grade learn about the properties of Earth, the solar system, the Milky Way galaxy and stars. They are taught about the relative position of the Earth to the Sun and other planets in our galaxy. They explore what moons, asteroids and comets are.

Further, fifth graders consider how water can transform between liquid, solid and gaseous states. As part of their Earth science studies, they investigate the water cycle and the importance of Earth's many bodies of water. Additionally, they come to understand that different environments and climate zones have different weather factors. They are also guided in creating a safety plan for relevant weather hazards.

Physical Science

For the physical sciences, fifth graders begin to learn about matter and its properties. They are introduced to atoms, and learn that atoms cannot be detected by the human eye. They discover characteristics of substances, such as volume and texture. Additionally, they explore how temperature affects certain substances.

Fifth graders look at energy forms, such as light, sound and heat, and they begin to understand how energy can change or move substances. They are introduced to how the various forms of energy can interact with each other. Students also perform basic experiments with electricity.

Life Science

In fifth grade, students learn about the structure and function of organs in the human body. They are taught how to compare our structure to that of other living organisms, such as plants and animals.

Students also discover that plants and animals have various environmental needs for survival. They examine plants and animals that have the ability to relocate when certain environmental changes occur.

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