8th Grade Florida Science Standards

Instructor: Jessica Munk
Eighth graders who meet the Florida Science Standards will have progressed through a series of benchmarks designed to advance the depth of their science knowledge. Read on to learn more about the specifics of the Florida Science Standards for eighth graders.

Structure of Eighth Grade Standards

The Florida Science Standards cover four bodies of knowledge, which are further broken down into big ideas. The bodies of knowledge and their corresponding big ideas for eighth graders are shown in the chart below. In this chart, you can find links to courses that provide additional knowledge and practice questions in the relevant subjects.

Body of Knowledge Big Ideas
Nature of Science Practice of science; characteristics of scientific knowledge; theories, laws, hypotheses and scientific models; science and society
Earth and Space ScienceEarth in space and time
Physical ScienceProperties of matter; changes in matter
Life ScienceMatter and energy transformations

Practice of Science

The Florida Science Standards require eighth graders to understand how to create questions and develop experiments in an attempt to answer them. Students also learn how to make scientific observations and draw inferences from those observations. They get experience acquiring, interpreting, analyzing and communicating data as well.

Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge

Eighth graders learn the limitations and importance of empirical evidence in science. Students identify pseudoscientific ideas and describe the characteristics of the scientific method.

Theories, Laws, Hypotheses and Scientific Models

Students focus on the uses of scientific models. They'll also understand what factors must be met for an idea to be considered a theory, and they learn how theories may be changed to keep current with developing scientific knowledge.

Science and Society

In eighth grade, Florida students learn to contribute to society in a scientific sense as they study the impacts of science on political, economic and social issues.

Earth in Space and Time

Students explore how gravity affects Earth and the solar system. They will be provided with information regarding the distances and relative positions of objects in space. Eighth graders should be able to explain the properties of the Sun, stars and planets, including their temperature, rotation and convection. They are also introduced to the electromagnetic spectrum and encouraged to determine why technological advances are important tools for exploring the universe.

Properties of Matter

Florida eighth graders learn about the physical and chemical properties of matter and the difference between mass and weight. They also discuss the relationship between density, mass and volume. Additionally, students investigate atomic theory, particle motion and groups in the periodic table. They also discover the different types of compounds and learn to distinguish between pure substances, mixtures and solutions.

Changes in Matter

In eighth grade, students learn about the Law of Conservation of Mass. They understand that physical changes do not cause differences in an object's molecular structure, while chemical changes do. They also explore how chemical changes can be created by variations in temperature.

Matter and Energy Transformations

Florida eighth graders should understand that living things have basic needs in common. They are also familiar with the different types of metabolic pathways that provide energy, such as photosynthesis and cellular respiration. They should learn about the carbon cycle and apply the Law of Conservation of Energy and Mass to living organisms.

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