About the TOEIC Reading Comprehension Section

Instructor: Bill Sands
The Reading Comprehension section of the Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) measures candidates' reading comprehension skills. Keep reading for more information on the structure and scoring system of this exam.

TOEIC Reading Comprehension Structure and Length

In the Reading Comprehension section of the TOEIC, candidates will need to complete a series of readings and then answer 100 multiple-choice questions. This subtest is divided into three parts: incomplete sentences, error recognition or text completion, and reading comprehension.

The 100 multiple-choice questions are not divided evenly among the three components of the Reading Comprehension section. The incomplete sentences task comprises 40 questions, while text completion accounts for only 12 questions on the exam. The remainder of the questions are allotted to the reading comprehension section, which is split into a pair of tasks: single passages (7-10 texts with 2-5 questions for each text) and double passages (20 questions; four pairs of reading texts with five questions for each pair).

Questions on this exam cover situations that any person might encounter on a day-to-day basis, such as going to lunch, making travel plans, buying or renting a house, going to the movies or an art exhibit, going to the doctor, and shopping.

Candidates will have 75 minutes to complete the TOEIC Reading Comprehension section.

Passing Standards

The TOEIC does not report raw scores, which is the total number of correct answers. Instead, a test taker's final score is calculated via the use of a scaling system. This system is used to provide both candidates and employers with a quick and easy way to compare scores. Individual test forms are not always identical, and the scaling system makes adjustments for these discrepancies and generates a fair score that accurately represents a candidate's performance.

The TOEIC also does not have a passing or a failing grade. Test administrators are only responsible for grading the assessments and reporting a candidate's score. Passing standards are determined by employers and corporations and vary from one company to the next. If you plan to sit for this exam, you may want to check with your employer so that you understand what is expected of you.

Scores are meant to provide an accurate depiction of a candidate's proficiency, and part of this accuracy stems from measuring skills that are liable to improve or decline within a short period of time. Your TOEIC scores will be valid for two years.

Studying for the TOEIC Listening & Reading Exam

Study.com has a number of helpful resources that can help you prepare for this assessment.

First and foremost, this TOEIC Listening & Reading: Test Prep & Practice course offers a comprehensive review of both sections of the test and contains several lessons related to the Reading Comprehension section. These Grammar Flashcards and this English Grammar: Help and Review course are a great way to brush up on your grammar skills, which are essential for a satisfactory score on the test. These interactive courses include self-checking practice exams that allow you to monitor your progress and improvement as you get ready for the TOEIC.

For further assistance, Educational Testing Service (ETS) also provides candidates with sample questions. You can review these questions to both test your knowledge and become comfortable with the wording and format of questions as they will appear on the real version of the test.