Alliteration Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

This lesson plan outlines how to use a video lesson to teach your students about the figurative language style of alliteration. Lead your students in practicing identifying alliteration in literature with our text lesson. Finally, students will apply their understanding with an alliteration activity.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define alliteration
  • find examples of alliteration in text
  • identify the purpose of alliteration as a literary technique
  • create samples of alliteration in writing


  • 1 hour


  • Song Big Yellow Taxi by Joni Mitchell
  • Samples of alliteration
  • Markers, crayons, paper

Key Vocabulary

  • Figurative language
  • Alliteration
  • Prose

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.9-10.5

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.9-10.1.b

Work with peers to set rules for collegial discussions and decision-making (e.g., informal consensus, taking votes on key issues, presentation of alternate views), clear goals and deadlines, and individual roles as needed.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.3.d

Use precise words and phrases, telling details, and sensory language to convey a vivid picture of the experiences, events, setting, and/or characters.


Connect Students to Learning

  • Play the song Big Yellow Taxi by Joni Mitchell. Have students tune into the chorus, especially the line 'Pave paradise and put up a parking lot.' Discuss how the use of the 'p' sound impacts the intent of the lyrics.
  • Tell students they'll be working with a style of figurative language called alliteration. Have them turn and talk to others at their table groups to define the term, then share answers and create a working definition.

Direct Instruction

  • Watch our lesson Alliteration: Definition & Examples.
  • Pause the video at 2:13. Allow students to find examples of alliteration.
  • Resume the video. Ask:
    • What is the purpose of alliteration?
    • When do you use alliteration in your life?
  • Ask students how the sounds of alliteration impact text. Revisit the Joni Mitchell song.

Guided Practice

  • Next, reinforce concepts of alliteration by reading our lesson Examples of Alliteration in Literature with your students.
  • Create a chart labeled 'Poetry,' 'Prose,' 'Drama,' 'Songs,' and 'Children's Literature.' As you read, write examples of alliteration under each category. Compare and contrast uses of alliteration within these categories with students.
  • Check understanding by having students work in partner pairs to create both a sample and a non-sample of alliteration, explaining their thinking for each. For example: 'Ron ran up the red ramp' with an explanation of 'Many words begin with 'r;' and 'He ran up the ramp' and 'Only two words begin with 'r' and there is no pattern or rhythm.' Share with class.


  • Explain that many ad campaigns and brands use alliteration, such as 'Coca-Cola' and 'Dunkin' Donuts.'
  • In partner pairs or small groups, instruct students to create their own product, using alliteration in the name. Additionally, students should write a jingle or slogan using alliteration.
  • Draft in notebooks, then transfer to paper with color.
  • Share with class. Lead students in evaluating work, providing feedback and analysis.


  • Provide students with paragraphs or short stories containing examples of alliteration. Have them identify samples, then create non-samples. Compare the two, discussing how alliteration helps make text engaging.
  • Ask students to find other song lyrics, poems, or children's books with examples of alliteration and bring to class to share.
  • Have students page through magazines to find examples of alliteration used in products. Create an alliteration collage.

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