Arizona Science Standards

Instructor: Shelby Golden
You can learn about Arizona's science standards by checking out this article. Find out what students will learn at each grade level and check out resources designed to help students master these concepts.

Science Standards in Arizona

Arizona's science standards are set up in 6 individual strands:

  • Inquiry Process
  • History and Nature of Science
  • Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
  • Life Science
  • Physical Science
  • Earth and Space Science

The first 3 strands deal with the scientific skills students will develop throughout their schooling. These skills will be applied while students study strands 4-6. Students receive instruction in each strand at each grade level, with the difficulty increasing as they move from one grade to the other.

Elementary School Science Standards

Students in elementary school can check out these science lessons for kids as they study to ensure that they're understanding concepts that they're learning in class.


Students will examine common objects, ask questions, try to predict results, practice safety, measure objects and take part in scientific investigations. Students will also use communication skills in groups, and to report scientific findings. They'll study people involved in the sciences and the importance of tools. They'll also focus on human body parts, senses and what living organisms need. They'll study the properties of objects, spatial relationships, applied forces and magnets. Finally, they'll study Earth's materials and the weather.

1st Grade

In this grade, students will work on comparing objects, using tools, recording data, comparing results and communicating with writing. They'll study technology and useful tools. They'll also focus on the characteristics and features of living things, as well as human life stages and different habitats. Kids will learn about solids, liquids and movement. This grade level also covers natural resources, the Sun and other celestial objects.

2nd Grade

2nd graders focus on coming up with questions, organizing data and develop additional questions for subsequent investigations. Science careers and different systems will be considered, along with important technological advances. Students will study animal systems and life cycles. They'll also learn about the classification of materials, water and solids. Clouds and weather conditions will be taught.

3rd Grade

Students will plan and carry out investigations. They'll use measurements, organize data and ensure others can recreate their experiments. They'll also study components of systems, humans and the environment. They'll look at how people use tools. Plant structures, plant life cycles and parts of ecosystems will be considered. Students will study light and sound. The layers of the Earth, rocks and fossils will be considered.

4th Grade

Inferences, observations and predictions will be studied, along with controlled investigations, measurement tools and graphs. Students will focus on the importance of experiments and how scientists come up with ideas. They'll learn about environmental changes and benefits of technology. Students will also classify animals, in addition to studying resources and the adaptations of living things. They'll learn about electricity and magnets. Students will also focus on erosion and other changes to the Earth's surface.

5th Grade

In this grade, students will work on investigations, analyzing data and understanding variables. They'll study how scientists work together. Time will be spent considering natural hazards, as well as the connections between science and technology. Students will learn about human body systems. Molecules, atoms, mixtures, compounds, gravity and friction will also be considered. Students will study the moon.

Middle School Science Standards

Middle schoolers can check out these online courses that deal with life science, physical science and earth and space science to help them as they complete the following grades:

6th Grade

Students will learn to research, complete measurements, keep records, analyze results and communicate data. They'll look at recent scientific developments and scientific processes. Natural disasters and possible solutions will be considered. Students will study cells, tissues, organs and systems, along with sunlight and environmental conditions. Energy storage, transformation and transfer will be considered. The atmosphere and water cycle will be discussed.

7th Grade

In this grade, students will focus on hypotheses and results. They'll study uses of technology and ways that humans interact with Earth systems. Food chains, population growth and ecosystems will be discussed. Students will study rocks, minerals, the rock cycle, plate movement and the Earth's layers. They'll learn about constellations, the seasons and how the Earth relates to the moon.

8th Grade

8th graders will use research tools.They will also create controlled investigations, communicate evidence and develop written instructions. They'll look at important scientific milestones, environmental risks and the risks and benefits of advances in technology. Cell division, heredity and behavioral cycles will be studied. Students will learn about matter, chemical reactions and the periodic table. They'll focus on velocity and acceleration.

High School Science Standards

High school standards are not broken down by grade level in Arizona. Students can use these high school courses in physical science, earth science and biology to get help in these grades.

Students will learn to evaluate information, work safely and ethically, design protocols, record their findings, create models, use statistics and support their conclusions. They'll study human curiosity, cultural interactions with science. Kids will also study various hazards, conservation practices, technological issues, resources and human populations.

They'll work on understanding cellular growth, functions and reproduction, along with DNA, RNA, meiosis and fertilization. Students will learn about the connection between populations and ecosystems, in addition to natural selection and biological classification systems. Photosynthesis, cellular respiration and biogeochemical systems will be considered.

Chemical and physical properties of substances will be studied, along with electric charges and atoms. Newton's laws of motion will be considered, in addition to force conditions, the Law of Universal Gravitation, Coulomb's Law and total momentum. Kids will study energy, heat and temperature. They'll learn about chemical reactions, bonds, acids and bases. They'll also focus on waves, kinetic molecular theory and ohmic systems.

Students will also work on Earth cycles, geochemical processes, the movement of energy, weather and climate. They'll study external and internal energy, as well as Earth's origin and long history. Kids will learn about the Big Bang Theory, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram and the life cycles of stars and galaxies.

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