ASVAB Requirements


What is an ASVAB Score?

A score of at least 31 is required to join most branches of the military, including the Air Force, Army and Marines. This score only applies to those applicants who have a high school diploma. If you have a GED, requirements can differ, and in many cases you will need to score at least 50.

The ASVAB score needed for entry is actually what is called the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) score. This score is determined by an individual's performance on four out of the ten subtests on the ASVAB test. These tests are:

  • Arithmetic Reasoning (AR)
  • Mathematical Knowledge (MK)
  • Paragraph Comprehension (PC)
  • Word Knowledge (WK)

Once a test-taker's results are compiled, they are given a percentile score. This means that the lowest AFQT score an individual can receive is 1 and the highest score possible is 99. The score is based on a comparison to the results of a sample group who took the test in 1997. Earning a score of 37 means that you did as well as or better than 37% of the people who participated in the 1997 sample.

Career-Specific Requirements

Although there are only four subtests that make up the AFQT score, the entire ASVAB is made up of ten subtests. The subtests that aren't part of the AFQT won't affect your initial entry into any of the military branches, but they do affect your ability to qualify for certain jobs. These subtests include:

  • Shop Information (SI)
  • Mechanical Comprehension (MC)
  • Electronics Information (EI)
  • Auto Information (AI)
  • General Science (GS)
  • Assembling Objects (AO)

All of the subtests on the ASVAB, including those used for the AFQT, can be used to determine career suitability. Different positions have eligibility requirements based on different combinations of the subtests. Some examples of specific subtest scores used to determine eligibility are explored here; however, it is important to refer to the branch of military you are interested in joining to carefully review their specific formulas and requirements.

Here are a few examples of scoring combination requirements:

Navy Seals

To join this elite cadre of the Navy, prospective Seals must meet the minimum scores set for one of these formulas:

  • GS+MC+EI=170
  • VE+MK+MC+CS=220
  • VE+ AR=110 and MC=50

Army Careers

The army uses several different formulas to qualify individuals for different types of careers. Examples include:

Combat (CO) WK+SI+AI+MC+PC
Operations and Food (OF) WK+PC+AI+SI+MC

A specific score may be required for different types of jobs. For example, Army Infantrymen must have a CO score of 90 or more, while a Special Forces Weapons Sergeant needs a score of at least 100. A Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember requires an OF score of 105, and an OF score of 100 is needed to be a HAWK Missile System Crewmember.

Preparing For The ASVAB

In order to ensure you obtain the ASVAB scores needed to join the branch of the military of your choice and pursue your chosen career, check out our handy study guides. These guides feature short, entertaining lessons, self-assessment quizzes and plenty of practice tests.

Continue reading: ASVAB Test Registration

The ASVAB test measures the qualifications of individuals attempting to enlist in the U.S. military. Learn about the content of the test, the impact of results on a recruit's military career and resources you can use to prepare for this exam.

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