Colorado Science Standards

Instructor: Shelby Golden
Use this article to examine Colorado's science standards. You can find out what students will study from preschool to 12th grade. You'll also be able to learn about study resources that students can use at different grade levels.

Science Standards in Colorado

Colorado breaks their science standards down into three major areas:

  • Physical Science
  • Life Science
  • Earth Systems Science

Each grade provides instruction in these important subject areas.

Colorado's Elementary School Science Standards

Elementary schoolers in Colorado can access this science for kids course to review what they're learning in these grades:

Preschool and Kindergarten

Preschoolers will learn about cause and effect, as well as the properties of objects. They'll study living things, in addition to night, day and the weather.

In kindergarten, students will learn about movement, how to describe organisms and the importance of the sun.

1st Grade

1st graders will learn about the properties of liquids and solids. They'll also learn about similarities between parents and their offspring, as well as survival characteristics. Kids will focus on the classification of Earth's materials.

2nd Grade

In this grade, students will learn about forces related to movement. They'll also study the relationship between organisms and their environment, as well as the functions of living things. They'll consider weather and the seasons.

3rd Grade

Students will focus on the various states of matter. Class time will be spent on life cycles of various living things. Kids will explore how the materials found on Earth can be changed in various ways.

4th Grade

Different forms of energy will be considered in this grade. Students will also learn about the similarities and differences found in living things. They'll study fossils, and how living and nonliving things work together. Kids will also learn about the parts of the solar system.

5th Grade

During 5th grade, students will learn about mixtures. They'll also consider the structures and systems of living organisms, including humans. Resources will be studied, along with changes to the surface of the Earth and the causes of changing weather conditions.

Colorado's Middle School Science Standards

Middle schoolers will build on what they learned in earlier grades. Students can get extra help with these courses on life science, earth science and physical science.

6th Grade

Students in 6th grade will study atoms, mass, weight, volume and density. They'll explore the relationship between environmental conditions and living organisms, as well as energy in an ecosystem. Students will learn about water on Earth, natural processes and natural resources.

7th Grade

The properties of mixtures will be discussed at this grade level. Kids will also study the traits of organisms, the parts of the human body, cells, photosynthesis and evolution. Different geologic events will be covered, along with geologic time.

8th Grade

8th graders will study force, motion, different kinds of energy, both physical and chemical changes and the characteristics of waves. They'll explore how people affect ecosystems. Reproduction will also be discussed. Students will focus on weather, climates and the objects found in the solar system.

Colorado's High School Science Standards

These online biology, physical science and earth science courses can help students in high school reinforce what they're learning from 9th-12th grade.

Colorado doesn't break the standards for high school down into individual grades, but students should expect to study Newton's laws, the structure of matter, chemical and nuclear reactions, atomic bonds, different forms of energy and how energy changes forms.

Students will also learn about the movement of matter in an ecosystem. They'll study population size, along with cell metabolism, cellular respiration and photosynthesis. Kids will focus on transportation within a cell, as well as cells, tissues and organs. Factors that influence the characteristics of living things will be considered. Students will also explore multicellularity and evolution.

In high school, students will discuss the history of the universe. They'll also consider Earth's place in the solar system. Plate tectonics will be taught, along with the repercussions associated with exploration. Connections between air, water and gravity will be a focus, along with certain natural hazards.

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