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In 2010, Nevada replaced its previous state math and English language arts (ELA) standards with Common Core State Standards. These standards, which are also being used in 41 other states, the District of Columbia and four U.S. territories, are designed to ensure that students throughout the country are similarly well prepared for post-secondary life. Under the former state math and ELA standards, more than half of high school graduates were not academically prepared when they went on to take college courses; the more stringent Common Core State Standards aim to better prepare graduates for college or employment. The Common Core standards are not a curriculum but, rather, an outline from which individual school districts may create their own curricula.
ELA standards are arranged into four content areas: reading, writing, speaking and listening, and language. For each of these, there are overarching anchor standards defining the knowledge and skills students are expected to master by the time they graduate from high school. Specific grade-appropriate standards and expectations - predicated by those anchor standards - are defined for each grade from kindergarten through grade 8, and then in two-year intervals for grades 9/10, and 11/12.
|Content Area||Anchor Standards|
|Reading: Literature, Informational Texts and Foundations||Understand the meaning of text; use evidence; make inferences; understand and analyze themes; understand contextual meaning; understand and analyze the structure and point of view of various texts; evaluate an author's meaning, reasoning and argument; comprehend age-appropriate texts|
|Writing||Compose arguments supported by reasoning and evidence; write accurate, clear, and well-organized explanatory texts and narratives; write appropriately for different purposes and audiences; publish writing and engage with the audience; conduct research and compile evidence from appropriate print and digital sources; effectively write long- and short-form texts|
|Speaking and Listening||Converse effectively with different types of people; express one's thoughts persuasively; analyze verbal, visual and quantitative information; create and make clear presentations that are audience-appropriate; use appropriate visual or digital materials to support presentations; be able to communicate formally and informally|
|Language||Obtain and demonstrate mastery of the English language in speaking and in writing, understand and utilize proper grammar when writing|
Common Core State Standards also include literacy standards for science, history, social studies and technological subjects for grades 6-12. These literacy standards do not contain subject-related expectations but, rather, require that students demonstrate reading and writing skills appropriate to their grade level in those subjects.
Math standards are arranged within domains, or overarching content areas, that students are expected to master. Grades K - 5 share one set of similar domains, and grades 6 - 8 share another set of similar domains. Within these domains, there are individual standards and expectations for students at each grade level from kindergarten through grade 8. At the high school level, the domains are arranged by content area for all grades, 9 - 12.
|Kindergarten through Grade 5||Algebraic thinking; data compilation and analysis; math operations with base ten numbers and fractions; geometric objects, shapes and functions; units of measurement and related operations|
|Grades 6 - 8||The number system and its components, functions in the modeling of relationships, problem solving with equations and expressions, geometric problem solving, problem solving with proportional relationships/ratios, basic statistical principles|
|High School|| Number and quantity: rational and irrational numbers; quantitative reasoning and units; complex number operations and representation on the complex plane; polynomials with complex numbers; vector models, representations and operations; matrix operations and applications |
Algebra: expression interpretation, writing and problem solving; polynomial operations, relationships, and identities; developing number and relationship equations; problem solving and reasoning; systems of equations; one-variable equation solving
Functions: function notation, analysis and interpretation; modeling with functions; analysis and problem solving with various models; the unit circle; periodic phenomena; trigonometric identities
Geometry: geometric constructions and theorems, congruence and rigid motions, similarity theorems, right triangles and related problem solving, general triangles, circle theorems and measurements, geometry through equations, geometric relationships and formulas, geometric modeling
Statistics: data interpretation, linear models, statistical inferences and conclusions, probability in problem solving and decision making
Modeling: appropriate model construction and utilization for all mathematical subject areas
The Common Core State Standards also outline the math practice skills that students should demonstrate, with increasing complexity, at each grade level. Educators, therefore, must incorporate these practices into math instruction at all grades. These practices are:
Nevada teachers looking for help in implementing the Common Core State Standards will find a vast library of online courses on Study.com. These courses provide instructional ideas and lessons may be used as classroom teaching tools. Offerings include:
|K - 5||Math for Kids, 3rd-5th Grade Math||English Language Arts for Kids|
|6 - 8||Grade 6: Statistics and Probability, The Number System, Geometry |
Grade 7: Geometry, The Number System, Statistics and Probability, Expressions and Equations, Ratios and Proportional Relationships
Grade 8: The Number System, Functions, Geometry, Expressions and Equations, Statistics and Probability
|Grade 7: Speaking & Listening, Writing, Language, Literature |
Grade 8: Literature, Writing, Language
|9 - 12||Geometry, Algebra, Statistics and Probability, Functions, Number and Quantity|| Grades 9-10: Literature, Writing, Language, Informational Text, Speaking and Listening |
Grades 11-12: Language, Writing, Literature, Speaking and Listening, Informational Text
Along with math and ELA Common Core State Standards, Nevada has academic standards for technology, distance learning, fine arts, information literacy, world language, pre-K, science, social studies, health and physical education, and career and technical education. For more information about these state standards, visit the Nevada Department of Education's website (doe.nv.gov).
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10 chapters | 216 lessons