Components of a Good Lesson Plan

Instructor: Leah Salyer
Good lesson plans are vital for positive student learning outcomes. Read on to learn more about how you can design effective lesson plans for your classroom.

Key Elements of Lesson Plans

When you write a lesson plan, you need to consider some key elements to make sure the lesson plan is focused and designed to meet all of your students' needs. The three components that you should include in a lesson plan to ensure that it's solid and effective are:

  • Learning objectives
  • Activities
  • Tools to check for understanding

Learning Objectives

You should first identify the learning objectives you wish to address. This can be done by zeroing in on the topic, asking yourself what you want to see students accomplish by the end of the lesson and what you want them to be able to do with the information they will learn. Once these objectives have been established, it's a good idea to rank them in order of importance to help with time management. If you have a plan in place to identify the concepts that are the most important in your lesson, you'll know what you can skip if you don't have enough time to cover everything.

You can get a more in-depth look and further your understanding of writing objectives with this lesson on How to Write a Lesson Plan Objective.


The activities section of your lesson should be the largest section, taking up the most time. You should plan on using a variety of activities to explain what is being taught in the lesson. With the use of different learning and teaching activities, you can reach a wide range of learning styles. Activities should be fun, interactive and should also be applied to real-world situations whenever possible.

Tools to Check for Understanding

This part of the lesson is important for students but also vital for you, as the teacher. This section of the lesson plan will help you gauge what students will take away from the lesson and how much of it they were able to retain. In this section, you can include an assessment which can be formal or informal. Some examples of assessments include asking a series of questions, having a class discussion, or having students work on short group projects. Any way that you can gauge students' understanding of a particular lesson is beneficial. In the future, you can plan other lessons based on the feedback and outcomes you receive from past lessons.

Additional Resources for Lesson Planning offers a rich variety of resources that can help you develop and write lesson plans. Each lesson includes an interactive quiz and printable worksheet, so you can gauge your understanding of the concepts you've learned and, if you ever need help, you can ask an instructor any question you might have about the content of the lesson. Look through the following lessons to see which ones fit your needs:

How to Develop Lesson Plans

How to Write a Lesson Plan for Preschool

How to Write a Lesson Plan for Elementary School

How to Write a Lesson Plan for Middle School

How to Write a Lesson Plan for High School

In addition to lesson planning development tools, also offers a large variety of lesson plans that you can use in your classroom. You can use these to supplement your lessons or integrate them into your lesson plans. You can access these plans from our lesson plans resources.

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