Difference Between the ASVAB & AFQT

AFQT vs. ASVAB

The Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) derives from the more comprehensive, 10-subtest Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB). Scores on the four ASVAB math and verbal subtests are used to calculate an AFQT score, which determines whether an individual is generally qualified to enlist. Performance on all 10 ASVAB subtests, meanwhile, ascertains an enlistee's qualifications for specialized work within the military and possible incentives for enlistment.

ASVAB Subtests

Subtest Used to Determine AFQT
Arithmetic Reasoning X
Word Knowledge X
Paragraph Comprehension X
Mathematics Knowledge X
General Science
Electronics Information
Auto Information*
Shop Information*
Mechanical Comprehension
Assembling Objects

*Paper-based ASVAB tests combine these two subtests into one: Auto & Shop Information.

Score Requirements by Military Branch

Each of the five branches of the U.S. Armed Forces has its own required AFQT enlistment score and ASVAB qualifications for specific jobs. In general, score requirements to enlist or earn specialized jobs are easiest for the Army and Marines, and most difficult for the Coast Guard.

AFQT Minimum Enlistment Scores*

Coast Guard 45
Air Force 36
Navy 35
Marines 31
Army 31

*Prior education requirements may apply.

Those who score in the 50th percentile or higher on the AFQT may receive an enlistment bonus.

How Can I Prepare?

  • Familiarize yourself with what the exam entails through descriptions and question examples on the ASVAB website (official-asvab.com).
  • Check out Study.com's ASVAB prep course for self-paced online video tutorials, quizzes and exams that aim to prepare you for all 10 ASVAB subtests.
  • If you need to brush up on math-specific studies, explore Study.com's ASVAB Math Study Guide and Test Prep.
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