Credit by Portfolio Review
The provision of credit for work experience will require the documentation of what the student has achieved and a reflection upon the theoretical value of these skills. Often, in order to receive credit for work experience, a university will require students to compile a portfolio for review. Credit for work experience is typically awarded to adult student learners who have spent a significant time in the workforce.
Students may enroll in a course or have access to a mentor in order to develop the portfolio. The credit for prior work experience often replaces a specific course, therefore skills must be documented and work experience align with curricular expectations. Common standards for the portfolio may include:
- Educational goal statement
- Samples of relevant work
- Job descriptions and resume
- A minimum (3-5) number of years of work experience in the field
- Evaluations of performance
- Supervisor recommendation
- Certificates or licenses
The written work submitted should meet college level expectations in terms of writing and critical thinking. A fee may be charged for a review of the portfolio. It is important to consult with the academic advisor, dean, or other designated university professional to understand any specific requirements for your university.
The credit received through a portfolio review may map directly to a specific course at the university. This chart details some examples of what course a portfolio might replace.
|Type of Work||Example of a Course for Possible Credit|
|Volunteer Firefighter||Fire Investigation and Analysis|
|Juvenile Probation Officer||Juvenile Justice|
|Logistics Supervisor||Introduction to Human Resources|
|Child Care Center Director||Early Childhood Development|
|Information Security Consultant||IT Consulting|
|Family Advocate||Applied Skills in Human Services|
Credit by Examination or Certification
Another way to earn credit for prior life experience is to sit for examinations that provide a standardized assessment of your previous learning. These types of exams may be available through different testing programs, such as the CLEP (College-Level Examination Program). They might be offered in a diverse set of fields, including accounting, foreign languages, and technology. Your university may provide a list of what types of credit you can earn through an examination process and where you can go to take these tests.
Some universities may also recognize specific credentials for credit in certain circumstances. These are likely to be rigorous, industry-approved programs such as PHR (Professional in Human Resources) , FAA Flight Attendant, and various Cisco certifications.
What if My Prior Experience was Military Service?
If your prior work experience was through the U.S. Military, you may have a different process to earn college credit for your service. The American Council on Education (ACE) has conducted reviews on a wide range of courses and occupations in which members of the U.S. Military engage. These reviews employ professors in those disciplines to validate whether the military activity has the appropriate scope and rigor to qualify for college credit. You may request and be provided with a Joint Services Transcript, which details the recommendations of ACE in terms of the provision of credit.