GRE Math Topics

Instructor: Shelby Golden
Get information about math topics found on the GRE Revised General Test and the GRE Mathematics Subject Test. This article also shows you where to find test-prep resources that can help you review the math concepts you'll need to know on exam day.

Math on the GRE Revised General Test

The GRE Revised General Test includes mathematics questions in the Quantitative Reasoning section. This area of the test measures skills related to general arithmetic, algebra, geometry and data analysis.

You'll find questions that require you to perform simple arithmetic with fractions, decimals, exponents, square roots and percents. You'll also need to use your algebra knowledge to solve polynomial equations and inequalities and graph functions. Other questions ask you to find the measures of missing angles or sides and calculate the dimensions of 2- and 3-D shapes. An understanding of how to interpret charts and graphs is required as well.

Test Format

This test is offered in computer-based and paper-based options. The computer-based exam has 20 questions that deal with mathematics, while the paper-based version includes 25. These are divided between multiple-choice questions, numerical entry questions and questions that ask you to compare and contrast two statements in order to select the answer choice that best describes their relationship.

Getting Ready for the GRE Revised General Test

You can prepare for the Quantitative Reasoning section of the GRE Revised General Test by checking out the useful test-taking strategies and sample questions included on the ETS website (

There are also online courses available to help you master the exam's mathematics questions. offers a GRE Practice and Study Guide course that covers the test as a whole and provides a wealth of opportunities to review what you need to know for the Quantitative Reasoning section. You'll be able to go over operations with functions and exponents, rational equation problem-solving steps, methods for factoring quadratics, steps for graphing inequalities, plane geometry and more. There are interactive quizzes and tests located throughout the course that allow you to measure your understanding as you study.

Topics on the GRE Math Subject Test

Questions on the GRE Math Subject Test are more difficult than those found on the GRE Revised General Test. Half of the questions on this exam deal with calculus, while another quarter test your understanding of number theory as well as elementary, linear and abstract algebra. The last quarter of questions cover real analysis, discrete mathematics and other mathematical topics that can include geometry, statistics and complex variables.

Test Format

There are around 66 total questions on this exam, and you will only have 2 hours and 50 minutes to complete your work. This exam is only offered in a paper-based format. Be aware that this test focuses more on measuring your grasp of mathematical concepts and less on checking your ability to recall information.

Preparing for the GRE Math Subject Test

The ETS offers a practice book that you can download and review as you prepare for the GRE Math Subject Test. This resource includes a practice test and scoring key that allows you to get used to answering questions similar to those you'll face on the test. also offers a self-paced GRE Math Subject Test Study Guide. This course is full of video lessons that break down mathematics topics so you can review them easily. You can study important precalculus and calculus skills. You'll also be able to explore the theorems that might appear on your exam, along with derivatives, integrals and more. Mathematics experts support this study guide and can answer any questions you have about these lessons.

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