How Many Questions Are on the Special Education EC-12 Test?


TExES Special Education EC-12 Test Questions

The TExES Special Education EC-12 exam consists of 135 multiple-choice questions. Usually, 120 of these questions are graded and count towards a candidate's score, while 15 are part of a pilot program used to test the viability of new test questions and have no impact on a candidate's performance.

Exam Domains

The Special Education EC-12 assessment measures a candidate's knowledge of four key areas, known as 'domains.' A candidate must have extensive knowledge of each domain in order to pass. The content and number of questions in these domains are broken down as follows:

  • Domain I: Understanding Individuals with Disabilities and Evaluating Their Needs (Around 16 questions) - These questions center around the characteristics of various disabilities and the ways in which they impact learning. A candidate's familiarity with the assessments used to measure students' capabilities is also tested.
  • Domain II: Promoting Student Learning and Development (About 40 questions) - This set of questions ensures candidates know how to modify lesson content and instructional techniques when needed and teach behavior management skills. Questions also address the applications of classroom management strategies and instructional technologies.
  • Domain III: Promoting Student Achievement in English Language Arts, Reading, and Mathematics (Approximately 40 questions) - Questions in this domain cover the strategies used to develop students' writing and literacy skills as well as their mathematical problem-solving abilities. Special emphasis is placed on the technologies and teaching methods that can be used to adapt ELA and math instruction to meet each student's needs.
  • Domain IV: Foundations and Professional Roles and Responsibilities (About 24 questions) - These questions cover the history and theory behind special education practice along with professional ethics, special education law, and methods for communicating with other teachers, school staff, and parents or guardians.

Passing Score

Candidates need to earn a score of at least 240 in order to pass this test. The test is graded using a scaled system that awards scores from 100-300.

The purpose of this scaled scoring method is to create a common ground from which different TExES exams can be compared. Every test in the series features a different format, number of questions, and difficulty level, and simply using raw scores (the exact number of questions answered correctly) do not provide an accurate comparison from one test to the next.

Scores are provided in a detailed score report that explains a candidate's overall performance as well as how he or she performed on each domain and competency area. Should you fail the exam on your initial attempt, this report is a valuable tool in determining your weaknesses in advance of any retakes.

Studying for the Special Education EC-12 Test

Now that you have a better idea of the structure and format of the exam, it's time to start preparing for the exam itself. has several resources that can be especially helpful. These online courses are self-paced and feature engaging video lessons and self-checking quizzes. They focus on topics such as:

Continue reading: TExES Test Scores

Prospective Texas teachers must pass Texas Examinations of Educator Standards (TExES) tests for their specific subject area. Read on for information on how to register for TExES exams and learn how you can prepare for your test.

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