What is a Good HSPT Score?
High School Placement Test (HSPT) scores are reported as percentiles. 76th to 99th percentiles are considered high; 24th to 75th percentiles are average; and 1st to 23rd percentiles are low. The 50th percentile is regarded as a precisely average HSPT score. Therefore a good HSPT score would generally be above 75.
How Does the HSPT Scoring System Work?
The HSPT exam consists of different subtests. The test derives a raw score by adding up the number of correct answers in each subtest. There is no negative marking. The raw score in each subtest is then converted into a standard score. Each student's standard score is compared to test results from a national sample of students. Based on this, a national percentile ranking (NPR) is derived for each subtest. The national percentile ranking indicates what percentage of students in the sample scored less than you. For example, if your NPR is 39, it means you did better than 39% of students in that same sample. If you scored 92%, you did better than 92% of the national sample of test-takers. The highest percentile score a student can receive is 99 and the lowest is 1.
What Skills are Measured by the HSPT?
HSPT test measures the following skills:
- Cognitive Skills: Cognitive skills include verbal skills and quantitative skills.
- Verbal skills denote your skills and ability in language and social studies.
- Quantitative skills include your reasoning and problem-solving skills in fields like mathematics and science that involve numbers and quantities.
- Basic Skills: Basic skills include reading, mathematical, and language skills.
- Reading skills entail skills in comprehension, interpretation, inference, and vocabulary strength.
- Mathematic skills indicate problem-solving capacity using mathematic calculations.
- Language skills include your ability to apply language rules like grammar and punctuation.
How is the HSPT Scored?
The method of calculating these scores is the same as that of the NPR. The HSPT test includes a series of mathematical, quantitative, reading, verbal, and language subtests. Students receive scores for each subtest. These individual subtest scores are combined to create a Total Basic Skills score, a Total Cognitive Skills score, and a Battery Composite score.
- Total Basic Skills Score: This score is the sum of scores in mathematics, language, and reading subtests.
- Total Cognitive Skills Score: This score is a total of the scores earned in the verbal and quantitative subtests.
- Battery Composite Score: This score is a total of all the subtest scores (i.e., the scores in mathematics, language, reading, verbal, and quantitative).
These three scores are called composite scores. They are converted into standardized scores and then into national percentiles.
Some schools might also give optional tests in areas like science, religion, and mechanical aptitude. If a school opts to use optional tests, the results aren't included in the Battery Composite Score.
How are the HSPT Results Distributed?
HSPT distributes its test results in two forms: as Student Score Report and as a Performance Profile. These are not made available directly to the students. Instead, the schools that conduct the test must purchase the results.
What Does the HSPT Student Score Report contain?
The HSPT Student Score Report contains a graphical representation of the national percentiles of each subtest and composite test. The HSPT score report also shows the following scores:
- Cognitive Skills Quotient (CSQ): It measures your learning ability and skills based on your age. The score may range from 55 to 145, and the average CSQ is 100.
- Grade Equivalents (GE): It compares your basic skills in reading, mathematics, and language with the students of your grades level.
What Does the Performance Profile Contain?
The Performance Profile contains a table of performance scores in all the test areas across various scales, such as the national percentile, local percentile, GE, and CSQ. It also includes performance ratings for each area. At the bottom of the profile, different tables enlist the specific skills measured by each subtest. They show the student's potential in these skills by displaying the number of questions answered correctly for the items corresponding to each specific skill.
How are HSPT Results Used?
High schools use HSPT test results in processes related to admission, selecting eligible students for scholarships, and placements. So, you may have to take the HSPT if you want to earn a scholarship in a private high school or to gain admission to a prestigious high school that requires students to apply. The HSPT results might also help you determine what type of courses you should be taking in high school. You will want to do as well as you can so that you have as many options as possible when starting high school.
How Can I Prepare for the HSPT?
To thoroughly prepare, it is a good idea to take study courses, such as the HSPT Test: Practice & Study Guide. This course was created specifically to help you prepare for the HSPT exams. It contains nearly 400 lessons covering all facets of the test. The course is accessible online and is self-paced so that you can fit study time in whenever it's convenient for you.