Kentucky Science Standards for 4th Grade

Instructor: Shelby Golden
Get information about Kentucky's science standards for 4th grade with this article. You can find out what students will learn in this grade. You'll also find links to educational resources that can support kids in 4th grade.

Kentucky's 4th Grade Science Standards

Kentucky uses the Next Generation Science Standards, which include three dimensions of standards:

  • Core Ideas
  • Science and Engineering Practices
  • Crosscutting Concepts

These three areas work together to help students develop their scientific knowledge.

4th Grade Core Standards

The core standards in this grade focus on:


Students will study the relationship between speed and energy. They'll consider energy transfer and conversion, as well as what happens when multiple objects collide with one another. The connection between natural resources and energy will be considered. Kids can study the kinds of energy we get from the natural world with these lessons on environmental science. These lessons can be worked on at any time, allowing students to customize their study time.


In this grade, students will learn about the properties of waves. They'll study how information can travel over large distances and determine why it's important to consider different solutions to the same problem. These physics lessons can help students understand different forms of motion, including that of waves.

Structure, Function and Information Processing

Electromagnetic radiation will be covered in this grade. Students will also study the structures of plants and animals. The sense receptors used by animals will be discussed. Going over these lessons on animals and plants can help kids develop an understanding of different living organisms. Kids can complete interactive quizzes to measure their understanding of these living creatures.

Processes that Shape the Earth

Kids will learn about the Earth's history in this grade. They'll also study Earth systems and the effects of plate tectonics. Biogeology and natural hazards will also be covered. Finally, students will learn how to test possible scientific solutions. Completing these geology lessons is a great way for students to learn more about the processes that affect the earth's surface. These lessons can be repeated as often as necessary to help students review this subject.

4th Grade Science and Engineering Practices

These practices help students develop important scientific skills. In this grade, students will work on:

  • Coming up with questions and understanding problems
  • Completing scientific investigations
  • Working with models
  • Developing explanations and solutions
  • Understanding and using information
  • Using empirical evidence
  • Creating arguments based on evidence

Kids can improve their science skills with these lessons on science basics. These short lessons cover the scientific method and reasoning skills that students should work on in this grade. If kids have any questions about what they're studying, they can contact science experts for help.

4th Grade Crosscutting Concepts

Crosscutting concepts help students connect different subject areas together. In 4th grade, students will work to understand the following concepts:

  • Energy and matter
  • Cause and effect
  • Patterns
  • Systems and system models
  • Connections between science, technology and engineering
  • How engineering, science and technology affect the world
  • Science's connection to humanity

Engineering Design

Students will also work on developing their engineering skills. Kids will work on considering engineering problems and coming up with ideas for solutions. They'll also learn how to improve the designs of their solutions.

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