Layers of the Earth Project Ideas

Instructor: Shelby Golden
Use this article to find ideas for projects dealing with the layers of the Earth. You can learn what supplies you'll need and discover useful resources for studying each of the Earth's layers.

Building a Model

This project allows students to use their creativity to build a model of the Earth's internal structure and can be completed using a variety of materials. Possible supplies include:

  • Cloth
  • Paper Mache
  • Styrofoam
  • Clay
  • Paint

Whatever material students choose to use (paper Mache, styrofoam or clay), they should create a model of the Earth that is three-dimensional. Depending on the age of your students, you can require them to show all or some of the Earth's layers. Students can use paint or other materials to distinguish between layers and should clearly label each part of their model.

You can also require students to include an informational sheet that describes each layer of the Earth. Encourage creativity with the design and presentation of factual information about the thickness of the layers, their state of matter, their temperature and what they're made of.

Baking Earth's Layers

This tasty project gives students a chance to get creative and bake each layer of the Earth's crust. To get started, you'll need:

  • Cake mixes
  • Food coloring
  • Icing

Students can begin by choosing their own colors for each layer of the Earth, making sure that each one is different. They'll also need to find a way to bake the layers so they're the right thickness. Once their cake is assembled, have students clearly label everything. You can even suggest they cover their cake with blue and green icing!

Quick Tip:

Introduce your students to the layers of the Earth with this lesson on the crust, mantle and core.

If you're looking for resources to help your students dig deeper into the composition and order of each layer as well as its relative thickness, have them check out the following lessons. Each one is short and easy to follow, allowing students to quickly review this area of Earth science as they work on their projects:

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