Massachusetts Science Standards for Grade 1

Instructor: Marissa Baranauskas
Discover the science standards for first grade students throughout schools in Massachusetts. Learn about the content that is introduced at the first grade level, and become familiar with resources that will help students review science concepts learned in class.

Grade 1 Massachusetts Science Standards

Science instruction in Massachusetts public school classrooms follows the Massachusetts Science and Technology/Engineering (STE) standards for grades K through 12. These standards have been adapted from the Next Generation Science Standards and are organized around separate themes up until the eighth grade.

The main theme for the Massachusetts first grade science curriculum is patterns. Students will learn how to identify patterns and make observations about the world around them in four major areas of science.

Earth/Space Science

Information about the solar system and the weather will be addressed with this subject. Students will examine movement of the moon and stars as well as the timing of sunrises and sunsets. They will also observe the seasonal changes that occur and identify the differences in temperature, the amounts of rainfall, and the occurrence of snow. Additionally, students will observe how plant life and animal behavior change from one season to the next.

To review Earth science concepts, check out this elementary-level Earth Science for Kids course. It provides lessons and quizzes covering the moon, the solar system, climate types, weather patterns, and seasons.

Life Science

This subject addresses the basics of plant and animal life. Students will learn about the functions of different animal senses and study the plant and animal parts that allow living organisms to obtain the nutrients needed to survive. They'll also study how animals protect their young. Additionally, students will observe plants and animals of the same group to determine how their characteristics are the same and how they differ at various stages of their life cycles.

Students can review biology material in this Biology for Kids course. Interactive lessons introduce facts about different plants, animal species, and behaviors as well as the human body. There are also brief quizzes after each lesson to test students' understanding of material.

Physical Science

The different types and behaviors of waves will be addressed with this subject. Students will learn about the relationship between sound waves and vibration. They'll also study what happens to light when it's redirected or blocked and discover how shadows are created. To demonstrate their understanding of how light and sound waves can travel across a far distance, students will also complete a hands-on project that can communicate a message using light or sound.


This subject introduces students to engineering processes. Students will learn to investigate a problem or address a want by observing the situation and developing questions about what types of tools or technologies might be used to solve it. They will also be tasked with creating a variety of solutions in response, and will re-create at least one of these solutions as a drawing.

For a review of physics and engineering information learned in an elementary-level science class, check out this Physics for Kids course. This course provides lessons and quizzes on light and sound energy as well as an overview on engineering disciplines. The Technology for Kids course provides an introduction to computer basics.

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