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Multiplication Lesson Plan

Instructor: Dana Dance-Schissel

Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.

Do you want a fun and effective way to teach multiplication? Study.com offers an engaging video lesson and small group activity that makes it a snap! Once your students have mastered the basics, you may want to consider our recommendations for extra activities and related lessons.

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain and demonstrate the principles of multiplication
  • create a multiplication chart and flashcards for continued practice

Length

1 hour

Materials

  • Graph paper
  • Index cards

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.3.OA.A.1

Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 * 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a total number of objects can be expressed as 5 * 7.

Instructions

  • Begin by showing the class the Study.com video lesson How to Perform Multiplication: Steps & Examples, pausing at 2:37.
  • Now have students use the graph paper to create a multiplication chart like the one displayed on the screen in the video lesson. They will fill in the lines that were not provided in the lesson.
  • When all students have completed their multiplication charts, play the video lesson again and pause at 3:55.
  • Have the students attempt to solve the problem displayed on the screen. Discuss their solutions briefly as a class.
  • Play the remainder of the video lesson. By a show of hands, how many students correctly solved 4 * 1 * 3 * 2?
  • Next, pass out the index cards to the students and break them up into 10 small groups, with each group assigned one number (1-10).
  • Each group will create 10 multiplication flash cards. For example, group one will create the flash cards demonstrating 1 * 1, 1 * 2, 1 * 3, 1 * 4, 1 * 5, 1 * 6, 1 * 7, 1 * 8, 1 * 9, and 1 * 10. Group two will do 2 * 1, and so on. The answers should be written on the opposite side of the flash card.
  • When all groups have completed their cards, mix them all together in a deck and begin quizzing the class. In the beginning, students should be permitted to use their multiplication charts. However, over time, the charts should be put away as the flashcards are used to help students memorize their multiplication facts.

Extensions

  • Have students roll a pair of dice, multiplying the two amounts rolled each time.
  • Ask students to use multiplication to figure out how many siblings the entire class has as a whole.

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