Ohio Science Standards

Instructor: Shelby Golden
This article provides information about the new science standards for Ohio classrooms. Find out what students should be learning from kindergarten to high school and check out some useful resources for these subjects.

Science Standards for Kindergarten through 8th Grade

The state of Ohio requires students to study earth, life and physical sciences every year from kindergarten to 8th grade. The exact topics covered from one grade level to the next will vary, but these three subjects will be touched on in some way for each grade. You can find a breakdown of learning standards by grade level below:

Elementary School


Students in kindergarten will study:

  • Daily and seasonal changes, including changes in the weather, as well as the moon, sun and stars
  • The properties of objects and materials. This involves understanding how objects can be sorted and that some objects can vibrate
  • The traits of living things and how they differ from nonliving things, as well as the behaviors of living organisms

1st Grade

1st graders in Ohio will study:

  • Energy related to the sun and weather. They will also learn about the physical properties associated with water
  • How the properties of various objects change. Students will also study the movement of objects
  • What living things need

2nd Grade

The standards for 2nd graders are set up to make sure they learn about:

  • The role of air and water in the atmosphere
  • How force and motion are connected
  • The ways in which the environment and living organisms influence each other

3rd Grade

Kids in this grade will work on:

  • Understanding the properties of Earth's resources and how they can be used
  • Learning about the different states of matter and forms of energy in the world
  • Building their understanding of the life cycles of various living organisms

4th Grade

This grade explores scientific concepts related to:

  • The surface of the Earth and how it can be changed
  • Conservation of matter and energy transformations
  • What fossils show about the Earth's history

5th Grade

The standards for this grade involve learning about:

  • The characteristics of the solar system and universe
  • How motion is influenced by speed, force and mass
  • Light and sound energy
  • Possible roles of ecosystems and how they are structured

Extra Help

You can check out this Science for Kids course to help elementary school students with these concepts. This course allows students to explore science basics, weather facts, environmental science and more. Or, you can use this course to create your own lessons for your students.

Middle School

6th Grade

You can expect students in this grade to study:

  • Properties of different rocks and minerals
  • Linear motion, as well as the differences between kinetic and potential energy
  • Modern Cell Theory and the functions of cells

7th Grade

Kids in 7th grade will be working on understanding:

  • Cycles involving the Earth and the moon
  • The periodic table and the principles behind the conservation of mass and energy
  • How energy and matter are conveyed in an ecosystem

8th Grade

This grade includes a study of:

  • Earth's physical features
  • How motion and force take place in and around the Earth, as well as the universe
  • Reproduction

Extra Help

Students in middle school can get the support they need with these courses in:

These resources allow students to review what they're learning at their own pace. They'll also be able to work on interactive quizzes and exams to make sure they're absorbing what they're studying.

Science Standards for High School

High school standards are slightly different than the lower grade levels. These standards are broken down by class, instead of grade. They include:

Physical Geology

The standards for physical geology indicate that students should study:

  • Atoms, elements, chemical bonding, crystallinity, characteristics of minerals and properties of minerals
  • Rocks that are igneous, metamorphic or sedimentary
  • The geologic rock record, absolute age and the geologic time scale
  • Internal Earth, the structure of the Earth and plate motion
  • Energy resources, air, water, soil and sediment
  • Glaciers and glaciation

Physical Science

Students studying physical science will learn about:

  • The classification of matter, atoms, elements, compounds, bonds and reactions
  • Conservation of energy, transfer of energy, waves, thermal energy and electricity
  • Motion, forces and dynamics
  • The universe's history, galaxy formation and stars

Students can access this high school physical science course to go over what they need to know to successfully complete classes that focus on these subjects.


Biology students will get to work on:

  • Cellular genetics, DNA structure and function, genetic mechanisms, mutations and modern genetics
  • Evolutionary mechanisms and the diversity of life
  • Biological classification systems and ecosystems
  • Cell structures, functions and processes

Working with this high school biology course is a great way for students to stay focused and engaged with their learning goals. You can also use this to teach students difficult concepts with short and engaging video lessons in class.


Chemistry classes in Ohio should focus on:

  • Atomic structures, the periodic table, chemical bonding, compounds, how to quantify matter and phases of matter
  • Chemical reactions, gas laws, stoichiometry and nuclear reactions

You can have your students use this high school chemistry course to get extra help with any areas of chemistry that they're struggling with.

Environmental Science

The standards for this subject are designed to help students build their understanding of:

  • The biosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere
  • Energy resources, air pollution, water pollution, soil, land, wildlife and wilderness
  • Environmental problems

This high school environmental science course can be used as a supplemental resource to give students the ability to go over the subjects covered by these standards more in-depth.


Completion of a physics class will help students understand:

  • Motion involving graph interpretations, problem solving and projectiles
  • Newton's laws, gravitational force, elastic forces, friction force, air resistance, forces in 2 dimensions and momentum
  • Gravitational potential energy, nuclear energy, work and power and the conservation of energy
  • Wave properties and light phenomena
  • Charging objects, Coulomb's law, electric fields, DC circuits, magnetic fields and electromagnetic interactions

Give your students the help they need to master physics with this high school physics course. This resource is helpful because it contains all of the topics mentioned in Ohio's science standards. Your students can get the additional help they need, and they can get in contact with expert instructors if they have any questions.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Filtered by: {{}}   {{}}   {{}}   Clear All Filters
Courses: {{}}