Oregon Science Standards for 5th Grade

Instructor: Shelby Golden
Make sure you understand Oregon's science standards for 5th grade by reading this article. Go over what students should learn in this grade and get information about educational resources that students can use.

Core Science Standards for 5th Grade in Oregon

Oregon has adopted the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). This means that 5th graders will need to study the following core standards throughout the school year:

Life Science

5th graders will study how plants use air and water to meet their needs. They'll also study the importance of plants as a food source, as well as the relationship between food and energy. Kids will also consider the way matter cycles in ecosystems. Kids will be able to reinforce what they're learning in class by completing these short, fun lessons on plants. Students can complete these lessons at their own pace, allowing them to personalize their study time. They can also go over these lessons as many times as they'd like, allowing them to work their way through difficult concepts.

Earth and Space Science

While studying earth and space science students will learn about the sun. They'll also focus on the rotation and orbit of the Earth. Students will have the chances to consider the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere of the Earth. They'll discuss the importance of water. Finally, kids will study how humans have affected different Earth systems. These astronomy lessons can help students go over facts about the sun and Earth's place in the solar system. Kids can even contact astronomy experts if they get stuck while studying a certain topic.

Physical Science

In this grade, students will focus on how matter can be subdivided. They'll consider the conservation of matter and learn how materials can be identified. Students will also be introduced to chemical reactions. Additionally, they will study Earth's gravity. Completing these chemistry lessons is a great way for students to make sure they understand different kinds of reactions. They can also work on a lesson to learn more about the properties of matter. Kids can test their understanding of what they're studying by completing the interactive quizzes that accompany each of these lessons.


5th graders will also work to develop engineering skills. They will learn to understand different engineering problems. Students should work to come up with solutions to these problems. They should also spend time learning how to select the best possible solution. Students will also study different variables. Kids can complete these lessons on mechanical engineering and variables in science as they work on these subjects in class.

Science and Engineering Practices for 5th Grade

The NGSS includes science and engineering practices that deal with the scientific skills students should acquire over the course of their studies. 5th graders can expect to work on:

  • Crafting questions
  • Understanding data
  • Working with models
  • Using evidence to argue
  • Applying mathematics
  • Communicating
  • Completing investigations
  • Finding solutions

They will also work towards understanding how science deals with natural phenomena.

Crosscutting Concepts for 5th Grade

Important crosscutting concepts are used throughout the NGSS. These concepts can be applied at different grade levels and across different aspects of scientific knowledge. 5th graders will work on understanding:

  • Patterns
  • Cause and effect
  • Energy and matter
  • Systems and system models
  • Proportion, scale and quantity
  • The relationship between science and the natural world

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