Personification Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde
Use this lesson plan to guide your instruction of the literary element of personification. Next, have your students identify personification in poems and translate those sections to a more literal meaning.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define personification
  • identify personification in text
  • use methods to comprehend personification in text


  • 1 hour


  • Copies of poems that use personification, one for each student
  • Copies of the excerpts used in this lesson, one for each student
  • Copy of The Wind by Robert Louis Stevenson

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.R.4

Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.R.5

Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.10

By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 9-10 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.


  • Begin by reading The Wind aloud to students. Ask what they noticed about the language in the poem.
  • Explain that authors use different literary methods to make poetry engaging called figurative language. Personification is one used often in The Wind.
  • Show students our lesson Personification in Literature: Definition & Examples.
  • Define personification with your class. Record on chart paper.
  • Discuss:
    • Why do authors use figurative language?
    • Compare and contrast figurative and literal language.
    • What are some examples of personification we use in everyday language?
  • Review the excerpts used in our lesson. Create a chart labeled 'Personification' and 'Literal Meaning.
  • With students, find examples of personification in the excerpts. Write them on the chart, then determine the literal meaning.


  • Pass out poems to students.
  • Ask students to find and highlight samples of personification in poems. With a partner, work to translate personification phrases to literal language.
  • Circulate the room to check for understanding.
  • Share answers as a group.


  • Have students create figurative language from literal phrases.
  • Investigate other types of figurative language used in poetry, like alliteration and metaphor. Compare these techniques.

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