What is the ETS Praxis Core?
The Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators test series (or Praxis Core for short) is a set of three examinations administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS) to those ready to enter teacher training programs. Covering reading, writing, and mathematics, the three Praxis Core exams assess prospective teachers' skills and knowledge in each foundational subject. Sections can be taken individually, or together as a combined test.
What is the difference between Praxis Core and Praxis I?
Praxis Core is a series of tests formerly known as Praxis I or the Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST). Aside from a different name, the change to Praxis Core included aligning the new exams with College and Career Readiness (CCR) Standards and the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). The tests are similar, and outdated state licensing or professional educator organization websites may still refer to Praxis I or PPST. However, as of September 2014, ETS only offers Praxis Core exams. If the resource you are consulting refers to Praxis I or PPST, make sure any information it provides aligns with Praxis Core official test information.
Praxis Core Test Structure and Question Types
The Praxis Core tests use three different question types:
- Selected response - candidates must choose from given multiple choice answers
- Constructed response - candidates must craft an original, written response
- Numeric entry - candidates must enter a number in the space provided
|Test Name||Number of Questions||Question Format||Test Length|
|Praxis Core Reading (5712)||56||Selected Response||85 mins.|
|Praxis Core Writing (5722)|| 40 |
| Selected Response |
Constructed Response (Essay Format)
|Praxis Core Mathematics (5732)||56||Selected Response / Numeric Entry||85 mins|
Who Should Take the Praxis Core Tests?
If you are a prospective teacher, you may need to take the Praxis Core as part of your certification process. Twenty-nine states, many educational licensing organizations, and the Department of Defense Education Activity require passing Praxis Core scores in order to gain a teaching license. In addition, some educational programs evaluate Praxis Core scores during their admissions process. You should check with your state education agency, licensing organization, and/or educational program to find out whether the Praxis Core is a requirement for you.
How to Pass the Praxis Core
To give yourself the best chance of passing Praxis Core exams you should prepare step-by-step:
- Get an overview. Find out what kind of material you will encounter in each section of the test, and what content it covers.
- Understand the test format. Get to know the structure: become familiar with question types, the number of questions per section, and multiple choice vs. essay response.
- Organize your study habits. Create a study plan that works for your schedule; plan out study intervals and session lengths.
- Make a comprehensive plan. Break your preparation into chunks to ensure you focus on different sections and fully cover the material.
- Use the right tools. Use Praxis I study guides and practice tests to identify strengths, weaknesses and gaps in your knowledge and ensure that you are fully prepared.
For more information, check out our article on how to study for the Praxis.
Prepare for the Praxis Core with Study Guides & Practice Tests
Study.com has separate study guides for the Praxis Core Reading (5712), Writing (5722), Mathematics (5732) and Combined (5751) tests to help you prepare for and pass your Praxis Core exams. Each guide provides a structured, accessible approach to Praxis Core test prep including short engaging video lessons, transcripts, and flashcards that provide support for a variety of learning styles. Lessons are grouped into chapters mapped to exam content with short quizzes and tests throughout that help identify strengths and weaknesses. A 50-question practice test at the end of the course emulates the real exam content, ensuring that you are fully prepared for test day!
Praxis Core Study Guides on Study.com
Don't see the study guide for your test? Visit our complete list of Praxis Study Guides.
Praxis Core Practice Tests help you evaluate your test day readiness and accurately target areas you need to review. Find out how much you know before you begin studying, or evaluate your progress along the way. Our 50-question practice tests emulate the content of the real exam, ensuring that you are fully prepared for test day!
Praxis Core Practice Tests on Study.com
Don't see your test? Visit our complete list of Praxis Practice Tests.
What are Praxis Core passing scores?
The passing score for the Praxis Core exam is set by individual states and licensing agencies. States' passing score requirements are detailed in the table below.
|Test||Possible Score||Passing Score Requirement|
|Reading||100-200||156 for all states|
|Writing||100-200||162 for all states except Washington (158) and North Dakota (160)|
|Mathematics||100-200||150 for all states except Washington (142)|
Your test report will display your highest score for each test alongside the state or licensing agency's passing score for comparison. It will also clearly indicate whether they were passing Praxis Core scores. There are several editions of each test, and each edition contains different questions and has a different overall difficulty rating. As such, there is no set standard for the number of questions you need to get right to receive a passing score.
The reported score is your raw test score adjusted for the difficulty of the exam edition you took. This scaled score allows for accurate comparison of scores received by candidates across different editions of the same test.
To learn more, view our article on passing scores for the Praxis Tests.
How long does it take to get Praxis scores?
Official score reports for Praxis Core are available online 10-16 business days after the test date. Test takers can identify up to 4 educational institutions or teacher licensing agencies to receive their scores for free; further score reports can be obtained for an additional fee. Teacher credentialing organizations in the following states receive free score copies automatically:
| Alabama |
District of Colombia
| Idaho |
| Nebraska |
| Rhode Island |
Praxis Core Test Dates & Locations
The Praxis Core exams are offered continuously at test locations all over the country. These include Prometric centers both within the United States and internationally, as well as universities and other locations throughout the United States. To find your nearest test center you can use the ETS test center locator which allows you to search by city, state and/or Zip code.
Praxis Core Registration Information
You can register for the Praxis Core by phone, mail, or online on the ETS website. Core tests can be taken separately or combined in one exam. If you plan to take all three Praxis Core tests together, follow these steps:
- Select test code 5751 - Core Academic Skills for Educators: Combined Test (Reading, Writing and Mathematics)
- Pay combined test fee of $150
If you plan to take each Praxis Core test separately, follow these steps:
- For Reading: Select test code 5712 - Core Academic Skills for Educators: Reading
- For Writing: Select test code 5722 - Core Academic Skills for Educators: Writing
- For Mathematics: Select test code 5732 - Core Academic Skills for Educators: Mathematics
- Pay individual test fees of $90 per exam
For a more in depth look at registration, read our article on how to register for the Praxis exam.