Reading Comprehension Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde
Use this lesson plan to teach your students strategies to use before, during, and after reading to help remember and understand what they read. Practice with text.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • list and identify comprehension strategies
  • apply comprehension strategies to text


  • 1 hour


  • Each comprehension strategy from lesson printed in large text on its own sheet of paper
  • Chart paper
  • Appropriate informational text samples, enough for each student to have a copy

Key Vocabulary

  • Comprehension
  • Strategy
  • Guideposts

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.


  • Build prior knowledge and connect students to learning by asking if they've ever had the experience of reading a text but not remembering what they just read. Discuss briefly, allowing students to share with seat partners or group.
  • Show our video lesson Improving Reading Comprehension: Tips & Tricks.
  • Ask:
    • Why is reading comprehension important?
    • When do readers use comprehension strategies?
    • Which strategy is the most powerful to you? Why?
  • Give each student the paper containing a strategy from the lesson, such as 'questioning' or 'highlighting.'
  • Direct students to arrange themselves in chronological order according to which strategies they use before, during, and after reading.
  • When students believe they're in the correct order, ask them to hold their signs so you can read them. Review with class and discuss strategies.


  • Students should work with others in their group (beginning, middle, end) to create a poster-size guide for comprehension strategies.
  • Direct each group to label their chart paper with the appropriate section (before, during, after), then fill in strategies using text, bullet points, graphics, etc. Promote creativity and teamwork. Allow students to use a text copy of our lesson if necessary.
  • Share posters and display in room.
  • For homework, give students a reading assignment. Ask them to be aware of comprehension strategies they use and write a paragraph explaining how it improved comprehension. Share in class.


  • Spend whole class times on before, during, and after reading strategies, digging deeper into techniques like questioning or making connections.
  • Compare and contrast comprehension strategies used in fiction and nonfiction text.

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