Scientific Method Experiments for Kids

Instructor: Shelby Golden
Kids can learn more about the scientific method by completing this experiment. This article provides you with directions and some additional learning resources to help students.

The Scientific M&Method

Help students understand how to use the scientific method with this activity.

What You Need:

  • Bags of M&Ms

What to Do:

This experiment walks students through the steps of the scientific process. Follow this order:

1. Ask a question:

Begin this activity by handing out the bags of candy. Now that you have your students' attention, it's time to explain the experiment. Have students consider what they might want to know about their bag of candy. For example, how many total candies are in the bag, or how many of each color? Questions could also involve the weight of the bag or of individual candies, or even the area of all the M&Ms in the bag or the different color groups.

2. Form a hypothesis:

Have students form a hypothesis about the number of individual candies, and then explain that to prove the hypothesis they must actually collect data by counting the number of candies. Continue on by instructing them to come up with a hypotheses for some of the other questions they've raised.

3. Test the hypothesis with experimentation:

Students should work individually or in groups to answer the questions they've been come up with. They can open their bags and count the candy, separate colors, weigh their bags or perform any other experiments they need to.

4. Make observations on the experiment:

Have students record what they've discovered about their bags of candy as they undertake their trip through the scientific process. After all, it's important that other scientists be able to duplicate their results!

5. Analyze the data:

Bring your students back together and have them share their results. Was the number of candies standard in all the bags? What about the amount of each color of candy? Have students discuss what their findings show about bags of M&Ms.

6. Form a conclusion:

After discussing the data with the class, students should then consider whether their hypotheses were proved correct or incorrect and form a conclusion based on their experiments.

Additional Options

You can personalize this activity to your classroom by adjusting the experiment to fit your needs. Have your students follow the same general steps while working on different activities. For example, you could have them find out if different kinds of Oreos have the same amount of filling, if name brand paper towels are more absorbent than generic ones or if acetone nail polish works better than nail polish that is acetone-free.

More Practice

Reinforce what your students learned through this experiment with this lesson on the steps and terms of the scientific method. For more science teaching resources, check out our Science for Kids course. You'll find animated videos on science basic, including the steps involved in the scientific method, as well as other science topics such as plants, animals, stars, weather, and much more!

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