Scientific Method Lesson Plan

Instructor: Dana Dance-Schissel

Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.

Bring your instruction on the scientific method to life with the help of a video lesson and fun in-class experiment. For further study, suggestions for supplementary activities and related lessons are included.

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • list the steps of the scientific method
  • apply the scientific method to research


30 minutes to 1 hour


  • Whiteboard or chalkboard
  • Dry erase markers or chalk
  • Cookies
  • Notebook paper
  • Pen/pencil
  • Tablet, computer, or projector to access lesson

Curriculum Standards


Follow precisely a multi-step procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.


  • Now divide students into two groups of equal numbers.
  • Give only one group the cookies to eat; do not give the other group any cookies.
  • Ask both groups to do as many sit-ups as they can in a two-minute period.
  • At the end of the two-minute period, each student should write down how many sit-ups they were able to complete.
  • On the board, write:
    • GROUP A
    • GROUP B
  • Now tally the total number of sit-ups completed for each group on the board.
  • Explain to the students that you just conducted an experiment using the scientific method. Have students watch the video lesson What is the Scientific Method? - Steps and Process in its entirety.
  • Write the following on the board:
  • Ask students to work independently to identify on their papers each step of the scientific method in the experiment that was just conducted in class.
  • Finally, complete the quiz associated with the lesson in as a group.


  • Have students design and conduct their own research using the scientific method.
  • Ask students to look up some famous experiments from history to identify the steps of the scientific method in each one.

Related Lessons

Types of Research Design

True Experimental Design

Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study

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