Seasons Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Use this lesson to teach your students about the reasons for our seasons. Then analyze data to show seasons around the world, making predictions and checking data.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define key terms related to seasons
  • explain how axis and rotation impact seasons
  • apply and interpret data


  • 1 hour


  • Globe
  • World maps with longitude and latitude, one for each group
  • Longitude and latitude for various cities around the world

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.3

Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks, attending to special cases or exceptions defined in the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.4

Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.5

Analyze the structure of the relationships among concepts in a text, including relationships among key terms (e.g., force, friction, reaction force, energy).

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.7

Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.


  • Introduce the topic by asking students what their favorite season is. Briefly discuss.
  • Next, show our video Geography of the Four Seasons.
  • Pause at 2:21 and ask:
    • Why are some parts of the Earth warm when others are cold?
    • What role does the Earth's axis and rotation play in seasons?
  • Play the remainder of the video. Discuss:
    • What is a solstice and how does it relate to weather?
    • What two factors impact weather?
    • How do day and night hours change throughout the year?


  • Show students the globe and continue the discussion about daylight and seasons in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, modeling with a flashlight if necessary.
  • Divide students into groups. Give each group a map.
  • Review longitude and latitude, ensuring that students understand how to read the maps.
  • Assign students mystery cities, having them find them using the longitude and latitude. Determine the name of the city using the globe or technology.
  • Ask students to plot their cities on the map, then determine the weather likely experienced that day.
  • Have groups check their predictions using technology.
  • Share predictions and results. Discuss similarities and differences between weather and seasons across the globe. Discuss how elevation impacts weather.


  • Find pen pals from differing cities. Have students exchange letters or emails discussing weather.
  • Invite a local weather forecaster to class as a guest speaker.
  • Have students record temperatures for several weeks. Graph and compare to past weather patterns.

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