Washington State Science Standards for Grade 5

Instructor: Shelby Golden
You can check out this article when you're ready to get information on Washington State's science standards for 5th grade. Find out what students will learn and discover educational resources to help your students master the scientific skills and knowledge outlined below.

5th Grade Science Standards in Washington State

Washington State has adopted the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). These standards are divided into three major areas. Core ideas standards cover the disciplines of physical science, Earth and space science, life science and engineering design. Students are also expected to master crosscutting concepts and science and engineering practices that can be applied to all areas of study.

Science Core Ideas in 5th Grade

Students in this grade focus on the following scientific subjects:

Structures and Properties of Matter

The particles that make up matter are considered in this grade. Kids study the conservation of matter by examining the weight of objects in their solid, liquid or gaseous states and learn how measurements can be useful in identifying various materials' physical properties. Students focus on what happens when substances are mixed together as well.

Kids can review what they're learning in class by checking out these online lessons on the properties of matter, the conservation of mass and measurement. Each lesson can be viewed multiple times if students need extra study help.

Matter and Energy in Organisms and Ecosystems

5th graders discuss how the sun's energy is transformed by plants into the food animals need to survive. Students also go over the parts of an ecosystem and how matter cycles through the environment.

Working on these environmental science lessons can help students learn more about ecosystems, food webs and the food chain. These lessons can be accessed from anywhere, making studying simple and easy to personalize.

Earth's Systems

Students focus on interactions between the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. They'll also learn about sources of water on Earth. Finally, students discuss how humans affect the Earth's resources.

These geology lessons can help students learn more about the biosphere and the water cycle on Earth. Kids can work at their own pace, which can help ensure they understand this subject.

Stars and the Solar System

The Earth's gravity is studied in this grade, along with the position of various stars. Students also learn about the Earth's orbit and rotation.

Students can complete these astronomy lessons to learn more about stars and other objects in space. There are astronomy experts available to answer any questions students have as they work on these lessons.

Engineering Design

5th graders learn how to correctly define engineering problems. They'll also work on creating solutions to these problems and conducting tests in order to pick the best solution for their circumstances.

It's simple to develop an understanding of engineering with this lesson on mechanical engineering. Students can check their understanding of this subject by completing the interactive quiz that accompanies the lesson.

Science and Engineering Practices in 5th Grade

In this grade, students will work on developing scientific skills that allow them to:

  • Ask scientific questions and work with models
  • Create tests, collect data and use it to explain experiment outcomes
  • Take measurements of a substance's physical qualities - including weight, volume and area - and represent this data in a graph
  • Use reliable sources and evidence to evaluate scientific claims and support an argument
  • Understand how scientific evidence can be used to offer explanations for natural phenomena

Crosscutting Concepts in 5th Grade

The NGSS includes crosscutting concepts that connect different areas of science. Students will learn the following:

  • The use of patterns to analyze and classify changes in nature
  • How change can be explained by examining cause and effect
  • Mechanisms of energy transfer between various objects
  • The interactions and components that make up a system
  • Standard units used to measure an object's physical characteristics
  • The types of questions that can be answered by science
  • How the natural world is changed by various scientific or technological endeavors

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