Praxis II Subject Assessment Study Guides & Test Info


What are Praxis Subject Assessments?

Practice Subject Assessment tests, previously known as Praxis II exams, are a group of tests given by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). Each test measures an area of subject knowledge for K-12 educators, such as Social Studies, Math, or English. Subject Assessments also cover teaching skills and knowledge both general and subject-specific in nature. There are over 90 different subject knowledge tests in the Praxis Subject Assessment group, split into two types:

Type  Content Question Types Test Length
Subject Assessments General and specific subject knowledge and teaching skills * Selected Response (Multiple Choice)
* Constructed Response (Essay)
1-4 hours, depending the individual test 
Principles of Learning & Teaching (PLT) Tests General teaching knowledge for grade level groupings:
* Early childhood
* K-6
* 5-9
* 7-12
* Selected Response(Multiple Choice)
* Constructed Response (Essay) based on provided case studies
1-4 hours, depending the individual test 

What is the difference between Praxis II and Praxis Subject Assessment?

Praxis Subject Assessment exams have replaced the old Praxis II exams. With this change, some subject tests were retired, while some subject areas changed. However, the tests are similar enough that many state licensing or professional educator organization websites may refer to the exams as Praxis II, or the combined term Praxis II Subject Assessments. Resources referring to Praxis 2 may be correct, as the names are often used interchangeably, but ETS officially only refers to these exams as Subject Assessments. The best way to verify whether the exam you are looking for still exists is to check the ETS website.

To determine which Subject Assessments you may need to take, follow this checklist:

  • Look up local requirements. Review required test names given by your school/state licensing authority.
  • Check with ETS. Check available assessments according to ETS .
  • Confirm the details. Cross reference both sources to make sure they refer to the same tests.
  • Verify with your local authority. If you notice discrepancies or different test names, follow up with a school official or your supervisor to clarify the latest up-to-date information.

Who takes Praxis Subject Assessments?

People who are, or are in the process of becoming, K-12 educators may take Praxis Subject Assessments as part of the teacher licensing and certification process. Taking Praxis II tests may be mandated by your state or professional teaching association as a licensing requirement - check with your local education authority to verify which Subject Assessments you need to take.

How to Pass Praxis Subject Assessments

All Praxis II Subject Assessment tests are taken by computer, except for the Braille Proficiency exam. Although Praxis tests are only given in English, test takers whose primary language is not English may apply for extended testing time. More information can be found on the ETS website. You should be prepared to answer both multiple choice and essay type questions on your Praxis Subject Assessment (Praxis II) exams.

To give yourself the best chance of passing Praxis 2 exams you should prepare step-by-step:

  1. Find your exam(s). Check with your state, education program, or licensing organization to determine which Praxis Subject Assessment exam(s) you need to take.
  2. Get to know your test. Become familiar with the exam content, question types, and test length.
  3. Organize your study habits. Design a study plan that works for your schedule and covers all exam material. Plan out study intervals and create a daily or weekly routine to maintain consistent progress.
  4. Use the right tools. Use Praxis II study guides and practice tests to identify strengths, weaknesses and gaps in your knowledge. Refocus your study plan as necessary to ensure that you are fully prepared.

Prepare for the Praxis II with Study Guides & Practice Tests

Look for your test below for an in-depth study guide featuring all the information you need to know to pass your Praxis Subject Assessment. Study guides feature lessons grouped into chapters that closely follow the exam content with short quizzes and tests throughout to assess strengths and weaknesses. A 50-question practice test at the end of the course emulates the content of the real exam, ensuring that you are fully prepared for test day!

Praxis II Subject Assessment Study Guides on

Don't see the study guide for your test? Visit our complete list of Praxis Study Guides

Praxis Subject Assessment Practice Tests help you evaluate your test day readiness and accurately target areas you need to review. Find out how much you know before you begin studying, or evaluate your progress along the way. Free 15-question tests help you get started; find out what you know and how to handle question formats. Our 50 question practice tests, available to members, emulate the content of the real exam, ensuring that you are fully prepared for test day.

Praxis II Subject Assessment Practice Tests on

Don't see your test? Visit our complete list of Praxis Practice Tests.

What is a Praxis 2 passing score?

Passing scores are dependent on which subject assessment you take and which state you are seeking licensure in, but the general passing score range for most tests is between 127-177 out of 200. Some exams, like the ParaPro Assessment for paraprofessionals, have a higher scoring range. The ParaPro Assessment range passing score spans between 455-466 depending on the state.

The table below shows information about the average performance range for some of the most common Subject Assessments.

Test  Average Performance Range 
Praxis Elementary Education - Multiple Subjects (5001)
Subtest: Reading & Language Arts (5002) 
Subtest: Mathematics (5003)
Subtest: Social Studies (5004)

Praxis Mathematics - Content Knowledge (5161) 136 - 169 
Praxis Social Studies - Content Knowledge (5081) 157 - 177 
Praxis English Language Arts - Content Knowledge (5038) 170 - 186 
Praxis PLT - Grades 7-12 (5624) 168 - 183 

Don't see your test, or want more information on how Praxis 2 scoring works? Check out our article on Praxis Scoring Information

Praxis II Subject Assessment Test Dates & Locations

Some Praxis Subject Assessment Exams are offered continuously, and some are offered during particular testing windows. Test locations can be all over the country. These include Prometric centers both within the United States and internationally, as well as universities and other locations throughout the United States.

View test dates for some of the most popular Praxis Subject Assessment (Praxis II) exams below:

Test  Dates 
Praxis Elementary Education - Multiple Subjects (5001)  Offered continuously throughout the year 
Praxis Mathematics - Content Knowledge (5161)  Offered continuously throughout the year 
Praxis Social Studies - Content Knowledge (5081)  Offered continuously throughout the year 
Praxis English Language Arts - Content Knowledge (5038)  Offered continuously throughout the year 
Praxis PLT - Grades 7-12 (5624)  7/1/2019-7/13/2019 

To find your nearest test center and confirm dates for your subject assessment, you can use the ETS test center locator which allows you to search by city, state and/or Zip code. Follow these links for more information on Praxis test dates and how to find Praxis testing centers.

Praxis II Registration Information

You can register for any Praxis 2 exam by phone, by mail, or online via the ETS website. While most Praxis Subject Assessment tests cover individual subjects, some multiple subject exams combine content coverage from several subtests. For instance, the Praxis Elementary Education - Multiple Subjects (5001) exam combines the subtests on Reading & Language Arts (5002), Mathematics (5003), Social Studies (5004), and Science (5005). Prices vary for tests, and typically range between $50 and $170.

Here are registration fees for some of the most common Praxis II Subject Assessments:

Test  Fee 
Praxis Elementary Education - Multiple Subjects (5001)  $170 
Praxis Mathematics - Content Knowledge (5161)  $120 
Praxis Social Studies - Content Knowledge (5081)  $120 
Praxis English Language Arts - Content Knowledge (5038)  $120 
Praxis PLT - Grades 7-12 (5624)  $146 

Official prices are listed on the ETS Praxis Test and Service Fees page. To learn more about Praxis registration, read this article on how to register for the Praxis exam.

What Is Praxis?

The Praxis is a series of exams designed to measure the subject & pedagogical knowledge of teacher candidates. Find out which Praxis exams you need to take and how to register. Learn about exam structure, content, and preparation tips.

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