What Math is on the GRE?

Instructor: Melinda Santos
Prepare for the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) by examining info about the math questions in the Quantitative Reasoning measure of the test. Learn about all the mathematical concepts that are covered on the GRE and find study resources to help you master them below.

Math Topics On the GRE's Quantitative Reasoning Section

One of three sections on the GRE revised General Test, the quantitative reasoning section features two subsections and is where you'll be tested on your math skills. The mathematical subjects assessed within these two subsections include:

Arithmetic Decimals
Exponents & Roots
Real Numbers
Algebra Applications
Coordinate Geometry
Graphs of Functions
Operations with Algebraic Expressions
Rules of Exponents
Solving Linear Equations
Solving Linear Inequalities
Solving Quadratic Equations
Geometry Circles
Lines & Angles
Three-Dimensional Figures
Data Analysis Counting Methods
Data Interpretation Examples
Distributions of Data, Random Variables & Probability Distributions
Graphical Methods for Describing Data
Numerical Methods for Describing Data

Test Formats

Test-takers can choose from a computer-delivered or a paper-based test format. The computer-delivered Quantitative Reasoning section asks 20 questions in each of the two subsections, and students have to answer questions within a time period of approximately 35 minutes per subsection. The paper-based version of the exam includes 25 questions in each Quantitative Reasoning section and allows 40 minutes for each. There are four types of question formats, including numeric entry, quantitative comparisons and two types of multiple-choice questions.

Preparing for the Quantitative Reasoning Section offers a GRE Practice & Study Guide course that provides comprehensive reviews of all the subjects and concepts covered on the GRE revised General Test, including all content assessed in the Quantitative Reasoning portion, such as:

  • Numbers and operations
  • Sequences and series
  • Equations and expressions
  • Coordinate geometry
  • Plane geometry
  • Factoring with FOIL, graphing parabolas and solving quadratics
  • Probability and statistics
  • Inequalities
  • Rational equations and expressions
  • Exponents
  • Functions
  • Sets

This course is taught by expert instructors and includes engaging video lessons and brief quizzes to help you assess your comprehension of the concepts covered. You'll also find tips on how to answer the types of questions provided in each section of the test. Work at your own pace to complete each lesson, using the program's dashboard feature to check your progress through the course. You can also refer to the Educational Testing Service (ETS) website if you'd like to review sample questions from the exam.

Scoring for the Quantitative Reasoning Section

Scoring for the Quantitative Reasoning section is on a 130-170-point scale. A raw score is determined using the number of questions answered correctly from both sections. This score is then equated to the scaled score. Like the Verbal Reasoning portion of the GRE exam, the Quantitative Reasoning portion is section-level adaptive where questions for the second section of the exam are computer-selected based on how questions were answered in the first section.

Score Reports and Score Release Dates

Unofficial scores are immediately available upon completion of the computer-based exam. Official scores will be generated 10-15 days after the computer-based exam and six weeks after the paper-based format and can be accessed through your MY GRE account. Your scores will also be automatically sent to the graduate institutions you designate. If you've taken the exam before, you can use the ScoreSelect option to choose which scores you want sent.

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