Identifying Cause-and-Effect Relationships: Lesson for Kids


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The words 'if', 'since', and 'because' are clue words that can help us identify what in a sentence?

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Read the following passage, then identify the cause for Mrs. Smith's students losing recess time.

''It was the day before winter break, and all of the students in Mrs. Smith's class were excited for the upcoming holidays. As the students were busy doing crafts and playing games, they became very loud and noisy in the classroom. Mrs. Smith gave the students several reminders to lower their volume, but they did not listen. Eventually, the students lost 5 minutes of recess time because they did not lower their voices.''


Read the following passage, then identify the effect for Patrick's hard work prior to football tryouts.

''Patrick always loved the idea of joining his school's football team. The team is very competitive and tryouts are difficult. The coaches only choose the best athletes to join the team. Patrick knew he would have to work really hard in preparing for upcoming tryouts. Each day after school, Patrick did his homework, then went right outside to train with his dad. He ran laps, practiced throwing the football, and lifted weights. On the weekends, when his friends invited him to play video games, Patrick would stay home and work at perfecting his football skills. Finally, when the day for try-outs came, Patrick showed the coaches all he could do. The coaches were impressed with him and could tell he had been working hard to prepare, so they invited him to join the team. Patrick knew his hard work would pay off.''

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Test what you know about cause-and-effect found in your reading. Answer these questions on topics like the clue words 'if,' 'since,' and 'because' found in sentences.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

You'll be quizzed on the following:

  • Using a clue word to find the cause of something that happens
  • Finding the effect in a short reading
  • Using a clue word to find an effect

Skills Practiced

  • Reading awareness - make sure you know the most important information from the lesson on finding causes and effects in reading
  • Remembering details - remember what you've learned about the clue words 'if,' 'since,' and 'because'
  • Learning practice - use what you know about clue words to answer questions about causes and their connected effects

Additional Learning

Learn more about causes and effects with the lesson called Identifying Cause-and-Effect Relationships: Lesson for Kids. You'll be covering the following topics:

  • Different types of cause-and-effect connections
  • Examples of clue words
  • Graphic organizers to figure out situations