What Are Antibiotics? - Definition, Types & Side Effects


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question 1 of 3

The word 'antibiotic' literally means _____.

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1. What are the active components of antibiotics that kill pathogens?

2. Which class of antibiotics causes rupture of the cell because of an incomplete cell wall?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

This quiz and corresponding worksheet gauge your understanding of the role of antibiotics. Topics you'll need to know to pass the quiz include macrolides and microbes that cause infection.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

Use this printable worksheet and quiz to review:

  • Translation of antibiotic
  • Components of antibiotics that kill pathogens
  • Class of antibiotics that cause rupture of the cell because of an incomplete cell wall
  • How macrolides act on pathogens

Skills Practiced

This quiz and worksheet allow students to test the following skills:

  • Reading comprehension- ensure that you draw the most important information from the related antibiotics lesson
  • Knowledge application- use your knowledge to answer questions about the active components of antibiotics that kill pathogens
  • Defining key concepts- ensure that you can accurately define main phrases, such as microbes and macrolides

Additional Learning

To learn more about antibiotics, review the accompanying lesson called What Are Antibiotics? Definition, Types & Side Effects. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Identify Alexander Fleming's discovery
  • Recall how antibiotics work and fight infections in the body
  • Review the different types of antibiotics and their specific task in fighting infections
  • Learn about why antibiotics are not effective against viruses
  • Understand the different side effects of taking antibiotics such as vomiting and abdominal cramps
  • Comprehend the importance of finishing antibiotics and how antibiotic resistance is created