Apical Meristem & Primary Shoot System Growth


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The type of growth seen at the apical meristem is best known as _____ growth and will result in an increase in the _____ of the stem.

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1. Terminal buds are often accompanied by additional pairs of buds known as:

2. The meristem produces tissues that later develop into more specialized mature structures. Which of the following correctly pairs the early tissue with the mature tissue?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

The apical meristem is responsible for all primary shoot system growth. Some of the things you will be assessed on include a basic understanding of what makes the growth at the apical meristem special, the types of plant growth, and the types of plant buds.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

You will be assessed on your ability to:

  • Define primary growth
  • Differentiate between types of plant buds
  • Match early plant tissues with mature tissues
  • Name structures of plants (such as the joint between the stem and leaves)
  • Describe the defining feature of the apical meristem

Skills Practiced

  • Information Recall - Define many terms related to primary shoot system growth
  • Making Connections - Relate new information about primary shoot system growth to prior knowledge about cellular growth and the apical meristem
  • Distinguishing Differences - Compare and contrast similar but distinct plant structures (such as types of buds)

Additional Learning

To gain a deeper understanding of primary shoot system growth, review the related lesson Apical Meristem & Primary Shoot System Growth. Upon completing the lesson, you should be able to:

  • Define the plant structures produced by the apical meristem
  • Recall what plant tissues mature from parenchyma, collenchyma, and procambium
  • Describe the usefulness of measuring between a terminal bud and the closest terminal bud scar