Arterial Blood Gas and Acid Base Balance: Tests and Interpretation


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question 1 of 3

A patient with obstructive lung disease and shortness of breath comes into your clinic. You would most likely expect:

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1. When too much CO2 is retained in the body, the result is:

2. A low pH, low CO2, and low bicarbonate should clue you into:

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

There are a few different conditions that can arise when the pH, CO2, and bicarbonate levels are out of balance in your body. This quiz/worksheet will help to test your understanding of the conditions that arise from being out of balance based on the presenting symptoms.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments, you will be tested on the symptoms associated with:

  • Respiratory acidosis
  • Respiratory alkalosis
  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Metabolic alkalosis

Skills Practiced

This quiz and worksheet allows students to test the following skills:

  • Making connections - use understanding of the concepts associated with an arterial blood gas test and acid/base balances
  • Interpreting information - verify that you can read information regarding symptoms of an acid base imbalance and interpret it correctly
  • Distinguishing differences - compare and contrast alkalosis and acidosis

Additional Learning

To learn more about testing arterial blood, review the accompanying lesson on Arterial Blood Gas & Acid Base Balance. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Define arterial blood gas
  • Interpret the results of an arterial blood gas
  • Identify the conditions associated with both high and low pH values