Hiroshima and Nagasaki: How the Atomic Bomb Changed Warfare During WWII


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Which of the following did NOT figure into Truman's decision to drop the bombs?

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1. What was the Manhattan Project?

2. Which of the following statements most accurately describes Hirohito's actions prior to the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

This worksheet and quiz combo gauge your understanding of America's use of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II. Topics you should know to pass the quiz include the American president who made the decision to use atomic weapons and his reasons for making that decision.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

Use this quiz and worksheet to check your knowledge of:

  • The Manhattan Project and its director
  • The American President responsible for the decision to use atomic weapons against Japan
  • Reasons for using the atomic bombs
  • V-J Day

Skills Practiced

You will practice the following skills when you use these assessment tools:

  • Making connections - understand the role of the Japanese refusal to surrender in the president's decision to use atomic weapons
  • Interpreting information - verify that you can read information regarding the purpose of the Manhattan Project and interpret it correctly
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about how America's relationship with Great Britain and the Soviet Union influenced the use of atomic bombs

Additional Learning

To learn more about this subject, complete the related lesson called Hiroshima and Nagasaki: How the Atomic Bomb Changed Warfare During WWII. The lesson covers these objectives:

  • Understand how the defeat of Germany and the high casualties in the Pacific influenced the use of atomic bombs
  • Explore the origin of the Manhattan Project
  • Recognize the role of the British and Soviets in Truman's decision to use the bombs
  • Identify the results of the American use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki