History of the Belgian Congo: Imperialism, Genocide & Atrocities


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The Congo River basin was first colonized by Belgium under what name?

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1. What commodity was NOT among the major exports from the Congo region during the colonial period?

2. Why did the Belgian government take over control of the Congo Free State in 1908?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Belgian colonial history in Africa is a large, complex subject and this worksheet and quiz combination will help test your understanding of the history of the Belgian Congo.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

Use these assessment tools to assess your knowledge of:

  • Name under which the Congo River basin was first colonized
  • Main exports from the Congo region
  • Catalyst for the Belgian government's take over

Skills Practiced

This worksheet and quiz let you practice the following skills:

  • Critical thinking - apply what you've learned about the Belgian Congo to see colonialism in a different light
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding the composition of the Force Publique
  • Knowledge application - use your understanding of the death toll resulting from the colonial regime's policies

Additional Learning

To learn more about this subject, review the lesson titled History of the Belgian Congo: Imperialism, Genocide & Atrocities. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Examine the importance of the Berlin Conference
  • Analyze public perception of the Congo Free State
  • Discuss the number of Congolese who died under Leopold's harsh policies
  • Explore what led to the Belgian government taking the territory away from King Leopold II