The Boltzmann Distribution: Temperature and Kinetic Energy of Gases


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question 1 of 3

Gas particles have random _____.

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1. How does a higher temperature affect the probability distribution curve of gas particles?

2. Why does the probability curve become narrower when gas particles are more massive?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Your ability to understand the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution will be assessed in this quiz/worksheet combination. You will be asked about gas molecule characteristics, how temperature and molecule size affect the distribution curve, and to explain kinetic energy.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

This quiz will test your ability to:

  • Explain the Maxwell-Boltzmann curve
  • Describe the molecular behavior of gas molecules
  • Explain how temperature can affect the distribution curve
  • Explain how gas molecule size affects the probability curve
  • Explain the different speeds of gas molecules in a container

Skills Practiced

This assessment will help you practice the following skills:

  • Making connections - understanding of the concept probability distribution
  • Critical thinking - apply relevant concepts to examine information about gas molecules in a different light
  • Defining key concepts - ensure that you can accurately define kinetic energy,
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution

Additional Learning

The speed of a gas molecule can be approximated using the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. Review this lesson on this probability curve to learn more. This lesson covers:

  • Explaining the constant motion of gas particles
  • Predicting particle velocity
  • Explaining changes in probabilities