Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism


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Who was the Roman physician whose theories, including that of the Four Humors, were disproved by many of the early modern period discoveries and advances?

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1. Despite Robert Boyle being a committed empiricist, he also practiced _____.

2. Many of the medical advances of the early modern period were due to the period's increased emphasis on empiricism, which is the gaining of knowledge through _____.

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

This quiz and corresponding worksheet will help you gauge your understanding of the most important breakthroughs in medicine and chemistry across human history. Topics you'll need to know about to pass the quiz include the historical Roman physician Galen, as well as the empiricist Robert Boyle.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

Use these assessment tools to assess your knowledge of:

  • Which Roman physician had many theories disproved as medicine advanced
  • What unusual research the empiricist Robert Boyle conducted
  • The basis for many medical advances in the early modern period
  • The theory that William Harvey disproved
  • The four basic elements, according to common belief prior to the scientific revolution

Skills Practiced

This worksheet and quiz will let you practice the following skills:

  • Defining key concepts - ensure that you can recognize important figures, such as Paracelsus, Robert Boyle and William Harvey
  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the related lesson on breakthroughs in medicine and chemistry
  • Interpreting information - verify that you can read information regarding how older theories were disproved and interpret it correctly
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the world prior to the scientific revolution

Additional Learning

To learn more about the discoveries that led us to where we are today, review the corresponding lesson on Breakthroughs in Medicine and Chemistry. This lesson covers the following topics:

  • Understand what medicine was like prior to the scientific revolution
  • Define empiricism and iatrochemistry
  • Know the Aristotelian model of the world
  • Define alchemy
  • Recognize the contributions of Paracelsus, Andreas Vesalius, Robert Boyle and William Harvey
  • Know Boyle's Law