Buffalo Soldiers: History & Facts


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What particular group of people had great respect for the fighting abilities of black soldiers, that they called them Buffalo Soldiers?

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1. In 1866, Congress organized which regiments of the Buffalo Soldiers for battle?

2. The Buffalo Soldiers played an integral role in paving the way for blacks seeking to enlist in what area?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Buffalo Soldiers are an integral part of American history. This assessment will test your knowledge on the significance of Buffalo Soldiers and the battles they participated in.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments you'll be tested on:

  • What group of people named black soldiers 'Buffalo Soldiers'
  • Regiments of the Buffalo Soldiers
  • What the Buffalo Soldiers paved the way for
  • Campaigns Buffalo Soldiers were involved in
  • Duties and achievements of the Buffalo Soldiers

Skills Practiced

This quiz and worksheet allow students to test the following skills:

  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the related lesson on Buffalo Soldiers
  • Interpreting information - verify that you can read information regarding how black soldiers gained the name 'Buffalo Soldiers' and interpret it correctly
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the campaigns Buffalo Soldiers were a part of

Additional Learning

To learn more about the first African-Americans to serve in the U.S. military, review the accompanying lesson on Buffalo Soldiers. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Explain the name 'Buffalo Soldiers'
  • Learn how Buffalo Soldiers helped in the Westward Movement, the Indian Wars, the Spanish-American War, and the Civil War
  • Discuss treatment of the Buffalo Soldiers
  • Understand the impact Buffalo Soldiers had on subsequent generations of African-American men wanting to enlist in the U.S. military