What is an Earthquake? - Definition & Explanation


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question 1 of 3

An earthquake is _____.

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1. The focus of an earthquake is _____.

2. Prior to the moment when rocks slide along a fault, the force exerted on the rocks causes them to _____.

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Beneath the earth's surface, rocks are moved and changed during an earthquake, and this quiz/worksheet will help you test your understanding of the vocabulary and characteristics associated with it.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments you'll be tested on the following items:

  • Energy released as vibrations after a fracture shifts and rocks snap back to their original shape
  • Force exerted on the rocks prior to the moment when they slide along a fault
  • Definition of an earthquake
  • Thing a fracture is known as after shifting has occurred
  • Focus of an earthquake

Skills Practiced

  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the related earthquake lesson
  • Defining key concepts - ensure that you can accurately define main terms, such as seismic waves and faults
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding what an earthquake is

Additional Learning

To learn more about earthquakes, review the corresponding lesson titled What is an Earthquake? - Definition & Explanation. The lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Define earthquake, deformation, faults, elastic rebound, seismic waves, and focus
  • Explain the process of rocks being under stress during an earthquake
  • Describe what causes the shakes