Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate


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Recently, you've seen several reports of shark attacks in Florida on the news. You go to a beach in California and can't make yourself get in the water because all you can think about are sharks. This is an example of what type of heuristic?

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1. When you make a judgment based on probability, you use which type of heuristic?

2. Which of the following is TRUE of heuristics?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

This quiz and corresponding worksheet will help you gauge your knowledge of the characteristics of heuristics which is how people make quick decisions. Topics you'll need to know to pass the quiz include the different types of heuristics and examples.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

Use this printable worksheet and quiz to review:

  • Examples heuristic
  • Judgment based on probability
  • Characteristics of heuristics
  • Representativeness versus base-rate heuristic

Skills Practiced

This worksheet and quiz will let you practice the following skills:

  • Interpreting information - verify you can read and understand information regarding when you make a judgment based on probability
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the representativeness heuristic and how often it's utilized
  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the related heuristic lesson

Additional Learning

To learn more about how individuals make quick decisions, review the corresponding lesson called Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate. This lesson will help you:

  • Understand what a heuristic is
  • Identify how heuristics help us in our lives
  • Describe why heuristics is referred to as a mental shortcut
  • Explain the characteristics of three main types of heuristics
  • Appreciate when we would compare information to a mental prototype