Elements & Purpose of the Criminal Trial


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question 1 of 3

Which of the following is NOT an element of criminal trials in the United States?

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1. Why are criminal trials held?

2. What is voir dire?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Regardless of the jurisdiction in the United States, criminal trials follow the same general pattern. Your knowledge of the criminal trial process can be tested using this assessment, which covers the major elements of a criminal trial and what each element consists of.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments, you'll be tested on the major elements of criminal trials, including:

  • The number of major elements in the criminal trial process
  • The purpose of a criminal trial
  • The definition of voir dire
  • What witness testimony consists of
  • The purpose of jury deliberation

Skills Practiced

  • Making connections - use understanding of the concept of criminal trial and identify the lawyers who represent the parties in a criminal trial
  • Distinguishing differences - compare and contrast topics from the lesson, such as opening statement and closing argument
  • Defining key concepts - ensure that you can accurately define main phrases, such as voir dire
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding the purpose and process of jury deliberation

Additional Learning

To learn more, review the accompanying lesson about criminal trials. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Define criminal trial and describe the purpose of a criminal trial
  • Differentiate between prosecutor and defense attorney
  • Explain what voir dire is
  • Differentiate between opening statement and closing argument
  • Know the purpose of witness testimony and describe what it consists of
  • Differentiate between direct examination and cross examination
  • Understand the purpose of jury deliberation and describe what the deliberation process consists of