Cloward and Ohlin's Delinquency and Opportunity Theory


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question 1 of 3

Jason grew up in a neighborhood without a lot of opportunities. There are many adults in his neighborhood who commit crimes. They are organized and seek to gain financial rewards from their activities. Jason becomes a part of their network. Which type of subculture did he join?

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1. Ryan does not have very many opportunities for legitimate work and he does not have many adult role models involved in organized criminal work. Ryan is having a hard time finding a place to fit in and so he begins drinking and smoking with other disenfranchised youths in his neighborhood. Which kind of subculture did Ryan join?

2. Ryan does not have many legitimate opportunities for work and he does not have a lot of adult role models who are part of organized crime. Ryan has been hanging out with members of a gang lately and engaging in fights and other violent behavior. What kind of subculture did Ryan join?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

For this quiz and worksheet combo, you are reviewing the delinquency and opportunity theory by Cloward and Ohlin. You will be asked about different types of subcultures and why youth might commit crimes.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

You'll be asked about the various subcultures and theories that relate to the following activities in the questions of the quiz:

  • Drinking and smoking with other youths
  • Engaging in fights and violent behavior
  • Committing crime because of a lack of opportunity
  • Youths joining adults who engage in crime

Skills Practiced

  • Information recall - remember what you have learned about lack of opportunity
  • Defining key concepts - ensure that you know the term for a subculture where youths join adults in committing crime
  • Knowledge application - use what you know to answer questions about goals of a subculture

Additional Learning

To look into more of the theory, click on the lesson titled Cloward and Ohlin's Delinquency and Opportunity Theory, which addresses the topics and key figures mentioned below:

  • Various subcultures
  • Richard Cloward
  • Lloyd Ohlin