European Imperialism in Africa: Invasions, Colonization & Rivalries


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How was Livingstone's role in Africa similar to that of Stanley's?

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1. Why did King Leopold II set up the Congo Free State?

2. Which term refers to the occupation, colonization, and annexation of Africa between the 1880s-1914?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

During the final decades of the 19th century, a race for power, prestige, and valuable resources led many European nations to Africa where they competed for territory to colonize in order to build individual empires. This quiz/worksheet combo helps you understand the origins and history of European imperialism in Africa, the international agreements that governed it, and the arguments used to justify it.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments you'll be tested on:

  • Scottish missionary whose work focused attention on Africa
  • European leader who exploited the Congo Free State
  • Race to colonize/occupy Africa
  • Characteristics of the Tangier Crisis
  • Factors that influenced European imperialism in Africa

Skills Practiced

This quiz and worksheet lets students practice the following skills:

  • Information recall - access your knowledge on European imperialism in Africa
  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw from the lesson the most important information regarding the Tangier Crisis
  • Knowledge application - use your understanding of European imperialism to answer questions about the false claims of humanitarian work in the region

Additional Learning

To learn more, review the accompanying lesson called European Imperialism in Africa: Invasions, Colonization & Rivalries. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Understand how Stanley Livingstone's missionary work contributed to imperialism
  • Describe the factors that fueled the colonization of Africa
  • Explain the significance of the Berlin Conference
  • Understand the factors that triggered the Tangier Crisis
  • Know the cause of the abrupt end to European imperialism in Africa