Expectancy Value Theory: Age, Gender & Ethnicity Differences


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The expectancy-value theory of motivation explains _____, assuming that people are _____

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1. From the perspective of expectancy-value theory, the belief about how likely a behavior is to attain a certain goal is called _____.

2. Sara studies all the time, makes straight As in her courses, and is always prepared in class. Sara also suffers from high anxiety and fear of failure. According to Covington's model of need for achievement, Sara would be classified as _____.

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

The expectancy-value theory explains and predicts attitudes toward objects and actions. This quiz and worksheet combination will test your understanding of this theory. Some of the things you'll be assessed on include the definition of the theory and the Eccles and Winfield social cognitive expectancy-value model.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments, you'll be tested on:

  • The definition of the expectancy-value theory
  • Vocabulary related to this theory
  • Covington's, Eccles and Winfield's, and Learners' models

Skills Practiced

  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the pertinent information from the related psychology lesson
  • Critical thinking - apply relevant concepts to examine information about beliefs in a different light
  • Interpreting information - verify that you can review information regarding the models that explain the expectancy-value theory and interpret it correctly
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding the expectancy-value models

Additional Learning

To learn more about the expectancy-value theory, review the accompanying lesson entitled Expectancy Value Theory: Age, Gender & Ethnicity Differences. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Define the expectancy-value theory
  • Define the vocabulary needed to discuss this theory, including expectancy, value, and belief
  • Differentiate between the two models that deal with the expectancy-value theory
  • Understand how to analyze real-world situations using these models and the theory itself