Sediment: Definition, Types & Features


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Coal forms when the remains of living organisms accumulate and convert to solid carbon. Therefore, coal comes from which type of sediment?

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1. Which of the following is TRUE of sedimentary rocks?

2. Which of the following types of sediment is composed of rock fragments?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

This quiz/worksheet combo will test your understanding of the features and types of sediment. Material you'll be quizzed on includes the type of sediment resulting from organic remains and the process of solid mineral crystals separating out of a solution.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments you'll be tested on:

  • Qualities of sedimentary rocks
  • Sediment type composed of rock fragments
  • Process of solid mineral crystals separating out of a solution
  • Reason sedimentary rocks are the only kind that can contain fossils

Skills Practiced

This quiz and worksheet allow students to test the following skills:

  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the related Earth science lesson
  • Interpreting information - verify that you can read information regarding qualities of sedimentary rocks and interpret it correctly
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding the type of sediment that is composed of rock fragments
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to identify the reason sedimentary rocks are the only kind that can contain fossils

Additional Learning

To learn more about rock formation, review the accompanying lesson Sediment: Definition, Types & Features. The lesson addresses the following objectives:

  • Define the term 'sediment'
  • Know three types of sediment and identify an example of each
  • Describe the process known as 'precipitating' and relate how the term 'evaporate' fits into an understanding of precipitating
  • Understand why sedimentary rocks are the only type of rock that can contain fossils