What is Fractional Distillation? - Definition & Process


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question 1 of 3

Which of the following best defines fractional distillation?

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1. What physical property is used to determine what component will separate out during the process of fractional distillation?

2. Shown in the following diagram is the laboratory apparatus for fractional distillation. Which letter correctly identifies the fractionating column?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

With a few quiz questions, this assessment will help you to gain a greater understanding of fractional distillation. The questions deal with the definition of fractional distillation, the method by which fractional distillation works, and the fractional distillation apparatus.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these quiz questions you will be tested on your knowledge of:

  • The definition of fractional distillation
  • The property of the substance being tested that contributes to elution
  • The experimental set up for fractional distillation
  • The speed of elution for different compounds
  • The collection process during fractional distillation

Skills Practiced

Skills that you will work on by completing this quiz include:

  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the related fractional distillation process lesson
  • Critical thinking - apply relevant concepts to examine information about fractional distillation in a different light
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding the fractional distillation process
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge of fractional distillation to answer questions about its set up and the information you must know in order to do a successful fractional distillation

Additional Learning

To learn more about this assessment's subject matter, you can work through the lesson that complements it called What is Fractional Distillation? - Definition and Process. This lesson covers the following topics:

  • The definition of fractional distillation
  • A picture diagram of the fractional distillation apparatus with labeled parts
  • Everyday uses of fractional distillation such as the purification of crude oil
  • The process of fractional distillation
  • A walkthrough of the fractional distillation of an alkane solution