Comparative Genomics: Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes


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Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of prokaryotes?

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1. You inherited your eye color from your parents. The proteins that consist of the eye pigments were coded by genes on your chromosomes. What type of sequences are these genes?

2. Which type of cell contains MOSTLY exons in its DNA sequence?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Test yourself on cell type genomics with this quiz and worksheet. Answer questions about different types of cells, DNA sequences, and the genes responsible for eye color.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

These practice questions check your understanding of:

  • Gene sequence types
  • What non-coding gene sequences do
  • DNA similarities of humans and chimpanzees

Skills Practiced

  • Making connections - show that you understand genetic relationships among species
  • Information recall - pull out information from the lesson about non-coding sequences and the two types of cells that exist in DNA sequences
  • Knowledge application - apply your understanding of gene sequences to a question about eye color

Additional Learning

Refer to the accompanying lesson called Comparative Genomics: Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes to learn more about DNA sequencing and gene expression. You'll find info about:

  • Differences in the DNA structure and complexity of two cell types
  • How cell reproduction is related to gene expression
  • Cell type and protein coding
  • Important terms related to genome coding, including haploid and diploid
  • The chromosomal makeup of related species