Electoral and Party Systems: Definition & Role


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In the race for your congressional district seat, David Jones won 300,000 votes, which was 45% of the total vote, Mark Thompson won 298,000 votes, which was 44% of the total vote, and John Ceder won 20,000 votes, which was 11% of the total vote. For the next term, David Jones will represent your district in Congress. Evidently, your district uses which of the following electoral systems?

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1. Elections were held in a country with a proportional representation system. The Social-Democratic Party received 45% of the vote, the Unity Party received 30% of the vote, the Labour Party received 15% and the Movement for Progress received 10% of the vote. Which of the following is a possible party distribution if the Parliament has 100 seats and the minimum census a political party has to reach in order to be represented in Parliament is 5%?

2. Which of the following represents a disadvantage for smaller political parties in a plurality system?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

You can use this quiz/worksheet set to quickly gauge your knowledge of electoral and party systems and how they affect governments. Topics covered in the quiz include plurality and proportional representation.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

Use these assessment tools to gauge your knowledge of:

  • Winner-take-all arrangements
  • System in which representation correlates to percentage of votes won
  • Characteristics of a plurality and a proportional representation system
  • Strength of America's two-party system

Skills Practiced

  • Information recall - access the knowledge you have gained regarding a proportional representation
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about electoral systems
  • Lesson comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the related political science lesson

Additional Learning

To learn more about these systems, review the accompanying lesson titled Electoral and Party Systems: Definition & Role. This lesson will help you:

  • Recognize the potential dominance of a two-party system
  • Define plurality
  • Determine how electoral systems are setup
  • Identify the logic behind electoral systems
  • Examine laws favoring two parties